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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Deep, Deepness, Deeply, Depth

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A — 1: βάθος
(Strong's #899 — Noun Neuter — bathos — bath'-os )

is used (a) naturally, in Matthew 13:5 , "deepness;" Mark 4:5 , AV, "depth," RV, "deepness;" Luke 5:4 , of "deep" water; Romans 8:39 (contrasted with hupsoma, "height"); (b) metaphorically, in Romans 11:33 , of God's wisdom and knowledge; in 1 Corinthians 2:10 , of God's counsels; in Ephesians 3:18 , of the dimensions of the sphere of the activities of God's counsels, and of the love of Christ which occupies that sphere; in 2 Corinthians 8:2 , of "deep" poverty; some mss. have it in Revelation 2:24 .

A — 2: βυθός
(Strong's #1037 — Noun Masculine — buthos — boo-thos' )

"a depth," is used in the NT only in the natural sense, of the sea, 2 Corinthians 11:25 .

Notes (1) Cp. buthizo, "to sink" (intransitive), Middle Voice, Luke 5:7 ; (transitive) "to drown," 1 Timothy 6:9 .

(2) Abussos, Eng., abyss, is translated "the deep" in Luke 8:31 ; Romans 10:7 , AV. See ABYSS , BOTTOM.

B — 1: βαθύς
(Strong's #901 — Adjective — bathus — bath-oos' )

akin to A, No. 1, "deep," is said in John 4:11 , of a well; in Acts 20:9 , of sleep; in Revelation 2:24 the plural is used, of the "deep things," the evil designs and workings, of Satan.

Notes: (1) In Luke 24:1 , some mss. have batheos, the genitive case, with orthros, "dawn;" the most authentic mss. have batheos, "deeply," i.e., very early.

(2) In Mark 8:12 , "He sighed deeply" represents anastenazo, "to fetch a deep-drawn sigh" (ana, "up," stenazo, "to sigh or groan"). See SIGH.

C — 1: βαθύνω
(Strong's #900 — Verb — bathuno — bath-oo'-no )

"to deepen, make deep," is used in Luke 6:48 (AV, "digged deep"). The original has two separate verbs, skapto, "to dig," and bathuno; the RV therefore has "digged and went deep.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Deep, Deepness, Deeply, Depth'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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