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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Disease, Diseased

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A — 1: ἀσθένεια
(Strong's #769 — Noun Feminine — astheneia — as-then'-i-ah )

lit., "lacking strength" (a negative, sthenos, "strength"), "weakness, infirmity," is translated "diseases" in Matthew 8:17 , RV, for AV, "sicknesses," and in Acts 28:9 . Its usual rendering is "infirmity" or "infirmities;" "sickness," in John 11:4 . Cp. B, No. 1. See INFIRMITY , SICKNESS , WEAKNESS.

A — 2: μαλακία
(Strong's #3119 — Noun Feminine — malakia — mal-ak-ee'-ah )

primarily denotes "softness" (cp. malakos, "soft," Matthew 11:8 , etc.); hence, "debility, disease." It is found in Matthew only, Matthew 4:23 ; 9:35 ; 10:1 . It is frequent in the Sept., e.g., Genesis 42:4 ; 44:29 ; Deuteronomy 7:15 ; 28:61 ; Isaiah 38:9 ; 53:3 .

A — 3: νόσος
(Strong's #3554 — Noun Feminine — nosos — nos'-os )

akin to Lat. nocere, "to injure" (Eng., "nosology"), is the regular word for "disease, sickness," Matthew 4:23 ; 8:17 ; 9:35 ; 10:1 , RV, "disease," AV, "sickness;" in Matthew 4:24 ; Mark 1:34 ; Luke 4:40 ; 6:17 ; 9:1 ; Acts 19:12 , AV and RV render it "diseases." In Luke 7:21 , AV has "infirmities." The most authentic mss. omit the word in Mark 3:15 . See SICKNESS.

A — 4: νόσημα
(Strong's #3553 — Noun Neuter — nosema — nos'-ah-ma )

an alternative form of No. 3, is found in some mss. in John 5:4 . Cp. noseo, "to dote about, have a diseased craving for," 1 Timothy 6:4 .

B — 1: ἀσθενέω
(Strong's #770 — Verb — astheneo — as-then-eh'-o )

akin to A, No. 1, "to lack strength, to be weak, sick," is translated "were diseased" in John 6:2 , AV (RV, "were sick"). See IMPOTENT , SICK , WEAK.

B — 2: ἔχω
(Strong's #2192 2560 — Verb — echo kakos — ekh'-o )

lit., "to have badly," i.e, "to be ill or in an evil case," is used in Matthew 14:35 (AV, "were diseased," RV, "were sick"); so in Mark 1:32 ; Luke 7:2 . See SICK.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Disease, Diseased'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/d/disease-diseased.html. 1940.

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Sunday, December 15th, 2019
the Third Week of Advent
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