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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: στηρίζω
(Strong's #4741 — Verb — sterizo — stay-rid'-zo )

"to fix, make fast, to set" (from sterix, "a prop"), is used of "establishing" or "stablishing" (i.e., the confirmation) of persons; the Apostle Peter was called by the Lord to "establish" his brethren, Luke 22:32 , translated "strengthen;" Paul desired to visit Rome that the saints might be "established," Romans 1:11 ; cp. Acts 8:23 ; so with Timothy at Thessalonica, 1 Thessalonians 3:2 ; the "confirmation" of the saints is the work of God, Romans 16:25 , "to stablish (you);" 1 Thessalonians 3:13 , "stablish (your hearts);" 2 Thessalonians 2:17 , "stablish them (in every good work and word);" 1 Peter 5:10 , "statblish;" the means used to effect the "confirmation" is the ministry of the Word of God, 2 Peter 1:12 , "are established (in the truth which is with you);" James exhorts Christians to "stablish" their hearts, James 5:8 ; cp. Revelation 3:2 , RV.

The character of this "confirmation" may be learned from its use in Luke 9:51 , "steadfastly set;" Luke 16:26 , "fixed," and in the Sept. in Exodus 17:12 , "stayed up" (also from its strengthened form episterizo, "to confirm," in Acts 14:22 ; 15:32,41 ; in some mss. "to strengthen," in Acts 18:23 ; see CONFIRM). Neither the laying on of hands nor the impartation of the Holy Spirit is mentioned in the NT in connection with either of these words, or with the synonymous verb bebaioo (see 1 Corinthians 1:8 ; 2 Corinthians 1:21 , etc.). See FIX , SET , STRENGTHEN.

2: στερεόω
(Strong's #4732 — Verb — stereoo — ster-eh-o'-o )

"to make firm, or solid" (akin to stereos, "hard, firm, solid;" cp. Eng., "stereotype"), is used only in Acts, (a) physically, Acts 3:7 , "received strength;" Acts 3:16 , "hath made strong;" (b) metaphorically, of establishment in the faith, Acts 16:5 , RV, "strengthened," for AV, "established."

3: ἵστημι
(Strong's #2476 — Verb — histemi — his'-tay-mee )

"to cause to stand," is translated "establish" in Romans 3:31 ; 10:3 ; Hebrews 10:9 . See ABIDE , APPOINT , STAND , etc.

4: βεβαιόω
(Strong's #950 — Verb — bebaioo — beb-ah-yo'-o )

"to confirm," is rendered "stablish," 2 Corinthians 1:21 ; "stablished," Colossians 2:7 ; "be established," Hebrews 13:9 . See CONFIRM.

5: νομοθετέω
(Strong's #3549 — Verb — nomotheteo — nom-oth-et-eh'-o )

see ENACT.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Establish'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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Monday, November 11th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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