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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Feast

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A — 1: ἑορτή
(Strong's #1859 — Noun Feminine — heorte — heh-or-tay' )

"a feast of festival," is used (a) especially of those of the Jews, and particularly of the Passover; the word is found mostly in John's Gospel (seventeen times); apart from the Gospels it is used in this way only in Acts 18:21 ; (b) in a more general way, in Colossians 2:16 , AV, "holy day," RV, "a feast day."

A — 2: δεῖπνον
(Strong's #1173 — Noun Neuter — deipnon — dipe'-non )

denotes (a) "the chief meal of the day," dinner or supper, taken at or towards evening; in the plural "feasts," Matthew 23:6 ; Mark 6:21 ; 12:39 ; Luke 20:46 ; otherwise translated "supper," Luke 14:12,16,17,24 ; John 12:2 ; 13:2,4 ; 21:20 ; 1 Corinthians 11:21 (of a social meal); (b) "the Lord's Supper," 1 Corinthians 11:20 ; (c) "the supper or feast" which will celebrate the marriage of Christ with His spirtual Bride, at the inauguration of His Kingdom, Revelation 19:9 ; (d) figuratively, of that to which the birds of prey will be summoned after the overthrow of the enemies of the Lord at the termination of the war of Armageddon, Revelation 19:17 (cp. Ezekiel 39:4,17-20 ). See SUPPER.

A — 3: δοχή
(Strong's #1403 — Noun Feminine — doche — dokh-ay' )

"a reception feast, a banquet" (from dechomai, "to receive"), Luke 5:29 ; 14:13 (not the same as No. 2; see ver. 12).

A — 4: γάμος
(Strong's #1062 — Noun Masculine — gamos — gam'-os )

"a wedding," especially a wedding "feast" (akin to gameo, "to marry"); it is used in the plural in the following passages (the RV rightly has "marriage feast" for the AV, "marriage," or "wedding"), Matthew 22:2,3,4,9 (in verses Matthew 22:11,12 , it is used in the singular, in connection with the wedding garment); 25:10; Luke 12:36 ; 14:8 ; in the following it signifies a wedding itself, John 2:1,2 ; Hebrews 13:4 ; and figuratively in Revelation 19:7 , of the marriage of the Lamb; in Revelation 19:9 it is used in connection with the supper, the wedding supper (or what in English is termed "breakfast"), not the wedding itself, as in ver. 7.

A — 5: ἀγάπη
(Strong's #26 — Noun Feminine — agape — ag-ah'-pay )

"love," is used in the plural in Jude 1:12 , signifying "love feasts," RV (AV, "feasts of charity"); in the corresponding passage, 2 Peter 2:13 , the most authentic mss. have the word apate, in the plural, "deceivings."

Notes: (1) In 1 Corinthians 10:27 the verb kaleo, "to call," in the sense of inviting to one's house, is translated "biddeth you (to a feast);" in the most authentic texts there is no separate phrase representing "to a feast," as in some mss., eis deipnon (No. 2). (2) In Mark 14:2 ; John 2:23 the AV translates heorte (see No. 1) by "feast day" (RV, "feast"). (3) For the "Feast of the Dedication," John 10:22 , see DEDICATION.

B — 1: ἑορτάζω
(Strong's #1858 — Verb — heortazo — heh-or-tad'-zo )

"to keep festival" (akin to A, No. 1) is translated "let us keep the feast," in 1 Corinthians 5:8 . This is not the Lord's Supper, nor the Passover, but has reference to the continuous life of the believer as a festival or holy-day (see AV, margin), in freedom from "the leaven of malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth."

B — 2: συνευωχέομαι
(Strong's #4910 — Verb — suneuocheo — soon-yoo-o-kheh'-o )

"to entertain sumptuously with," is used in the Passive Voice, denoting "to feast sumptuously with" (sun, "together," and euochia, "good cheer"), "to revel with," translated "feast with" in 2 Peter 2:13 ; Jude 1:12 .


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Feast'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/f/feast.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 11th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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