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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Foot, Feet

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A — 1: πούς
(Strong's #4228 — Noun Masculine — pous — pooce )

besides its literal meaning, is used, by metonymy, of "a person in motion," Luke 1:79 ; Acts 5:9 ; Romans 3:15 ; 10:15 ; Hebrews 12:13 . It is used in phrases expressing subjection, 1 Corinthians 15:27 , RV; of the humility and receptivity of discipleship, Luke 10:39 ; Acts 22:3 ; of obeisance and worship, e.g., Matthew 28:9 ; of scornful rejection, Matthew 10:14 ; Acts 13:51 . Washing the "feet" of another betokened the humility of the service and the comfort of the guest, and was a feature of hospitality, Luke 7:38 ; John 13:5 ; 1 Timothy 5:10 (here figuratively).

Note: In Acts 7:5 bema, "a step," is used with podos, the genitive case of pous, lit., "the step of a foot," i.e., "a foot breadth," what the "foot" can stand on, "(not so much as) to set his foot on."

A — 2: βάσις
(Strong's #939 — Noun Feminine — basis — bas'-ece )

lit., "a step" (akin to baino, "to go"), hence denotes that with which one steps, "a foot," and is used in the plural in Acts 3:7 .

B — 1: ποδήρης
(Strong's #4158 — Adjective — poderes — pod-ay'-race )

signifies "reaching to the feet," from pous, and aro, "to fit" (akin to A, No. 1), and is said of a garment, Revelation 1:13 . In the Sept. it is used of the high priest's garment, e.g., Exodus 28:4 .

B — 2: πεζεύω
(Strong's #3978 — Verb — pezos — ped-zyoo'-o )

an adjective, "on foot," is used in one of its forms as an adverb in Matthew 14:13 ; Mark 6:33 , in each place signifying "by land," in contrast to "by sea." Cp. pezeuo, "to go on foot," Acts 20:13 , RV, "to go by land" (marg., "on foot").

Notes: (1) In Acts 20:18 , the RV "set foot in" expresses more literally the verb epibaino (lit., "to go upon") than the AV "came into." So again in Acts 21:4 (some mss. have anabaino here). (2) In Luke 8:5 , katapateo, "to tread down" (kata, "down," pateo, "to tread, trample"), is translated "was trodden under foot," RV (AV, "was trodden down").


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Foot, Feet'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/f/foot-feet.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, May 28th, 2020
the Seventh Week after Easter
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