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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Leave, Left

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* (a) In the sense of leaving, abandoning, forsaking.

1: ἀφίημι
(Strong's #863 — Verb — aphiemi — af-ee'-ay-mee )

apo, "from," and hiemi, "to send," has three chief meanings, (a) "to send forth, let go, forgive;" (b) "to let, suffer, permit;" (c) "to leave, leave alone, forsake, neglect." It is translated by the verb "to leave" (c), in Matthew 4:11 ; 4:20,22 , and parallel passages; Matthew 5:24 ; 8:15 , and parallel passages; Matthew 8:22 , RV, "leave (the dead)," AV, "let," and the parallel passage; Matthew 13:36 , RV, "left" (the multitude)," AV, "sent ... away;" Matthew 18:12 ; 19:27 , and parallel passages, RV, "we have left" (AV, "we have forsaken"); so Matthew 19:29 ; 22:22,25 ; 23:23 , RV, "have left undone" (AV, "have omitted," in the 1st part, "leave undone" in the second); Matthew 23:38 , and the parallel passage; Matthew 24:2,40,41 , and parallel passages; Matthew 26:56 , RV, "left;" Mark 1:18 , "left;" Mark 1:31 ; 7:8 , RV, "ye leave;" Mark 8:13 ; 10:28,29 ; 12:12,19-22 ; 13:34 ; Luke 10:30 ; 11:42 (in some mss.); Luke 12:39 , RV "have left," AV "have suffered" (No. 9 in Matthew 24:43 ); John 4:3,28,52 ; 8:29 ; 10:12 ; 14:18,27 ; 16:28,32 ; Romans 1:27 ; 1 Corinthians 7:11 , RV, "leave" (AV "put away"); John 7:13 (AV and RV); Hebrews 2:8 ; 6:1 ; Revelation 2:4 . See FORGIVE.

2: ἀνίημι
(Strong's #447 — Verb — aniemi — an-ee'-ay-mee )

ana, "back" and hiemi, "to send," denotes "to let go, loosen, forbear;" it is translated "I will (never) leave (thee)" in Hebrews 13:5 . See FORBEAR.

3: καταλείπω
(Strong's #2641 — Verb — kataleipo — kat-al-i'-po )

"to leave behind" (kata, "down," leipo, "to leave"), is everywhere rendered by the verb "to leave" except in the following: the AV of Romans 11:4 , "I have reserved" (RV, "I have left"); Hebrews 11:27 , "he forsook;" 2 Peter 2:15 , AV, "have forsaken," RV, "forsaking." See FORSAKE , RESERVE.

4: ἀπολείπω
(Strong's #620 — Verb — apoleipo — ap-ol-ipe'-o )

"to leave behind" (apo, "from") is used (a) in the Active Voice, of "leaving" behind a cloak, 2 Timothy 4:13 ; a person, 2 Timothy 4:20 ; of "abandoning" a principality (by angels), Jude 1:6 , RV; (b) in the Passive Voice, "to be reserved, to remain," Hebrews 4:6,9 ; 10:26 . See REMAIN , No. 3. In the papyri it is used as a technical term in wills (Moulton and Milligan, Vocab.).

5: ἐγκαταλείπω
(Strong's #1459 — Verb — enkataleipo — eng-kat-al-i'-po )

lit., "to leave behind in" (en, "in," and No. 3), signifies (a) "to leave behind," Romans 9:29 , "a seed;" (b) "to abandon, forsake," translated by the verb "to leave" in Acts 2:27,31 (in some mss., No. 3) of the soul of Christ; in the following by the verb "to forsake," Matthew 27:46 ; Mark 15:34 ; 2 Corinthians 4:9 ; 2 Timothy 4:10,16 ; Hebrews 10:25 ; 13:5 (see No. 2 in the same ver.). See FORSAKE.

6: ὑπολείπω
(Strong's #5275 — Verb — hupoleipo — hoop-ol-i'-po )

"to leave remaining;" lit., "to leave under" (hupo), is used in the Passive Voice in Romans 11:3 , of a survivor.

7: περιλείπομαι
(Strong's #4035 — Verb — perileipo — per-ee-li'-po )

"to leave over," is used in the Passive Voice in 1 Thessalonians 4:15,17 , RV, "that are left" (AV, "that remain"), lit., "left over," i.e., the living believers at the Lord's return. See REMAIN.

8: παύω
(Strong's #3973 — Verb — pauo — pow'-o )

"to make to cease," is used in the Middle Voice, signifying "to cease, leave off," and is translated "had left" in Luke 5:4 ; "left" in Acts 21:32 ; elsewhere, "to cease." See CEASE.

9: ἐάω
(Strong's #1439 — Verb — eao — eh-ah'-o )

signifies (a) "to let, permit, suffer," e.g., Matthew 24:43 ; (b) "to leave," Acts 23:32 , of "leaving" horsemen; Acts 27:40 , of "leaving" anchors in the sea, RV [AV, "committed (themselves)"]. See COMMIT , SUFFER.

10: ὑπολιμπάνω
(Strong's #5277 — Verb — hupolimpano — hoop-ol-im-pan'-o )

limpano being a late form for leipo, "to leave," is used in 1 Peter 2:21 , "leaving (us an example)."

11: περισσεύω
(Strong's #4052 — Verb — perisseuo — per-is-syoo'-o )

"to be over and above" (the number), hence, "to be or remain over," is translated "was left," in Matthew 15:37 , AV (RV, "remained over," as in Matthew 14:20 ; Luke 9:17 ; John 6:12,13 , where the AV adds "and above"), of the broken fragments after the feeding of the multitudes. See ABOUND.

Note: The corresponding noun, perisseuma, "that which is over and above," is used in the plural in Mark 8:8 , RV, "(of broken pieces) that remained over," AV, "(of the broken meat) that was left," lit., "of fragments of broken pieces." See REMAIN.

12: ἐκβάλλω
(Strong's #1544 — Verb — ekballo — ek-bal'-lo )

"to cast out" (ek, "from," ballo, "to cast"), "to drive out," is used in the sense of "rejecting" or "leaving out," in Revelation 11:2 , as to the measuring of the court of the Temple (marg., "cast without"). See CAST , No. 5.

* (b) In the sense of giving leave.

13: ἐπιτρέπω
(Strong's #2010 — Verb — epitrepo — ep-ee-trep'-o )

lit. denotes "to turn to" (epi, "upon, to," trepo, "to turn"), and so (a) "to commit, entrust" (not in NT); (b) "to permit, give leave, send," of Christ's permission to the unclean spirits to enter the swine, Mark 5:13 ; in Luke 8:32 , RV, "give ... leave," "gave ... leave" (AV, "suffer" and "suffered"); in John 19:38 , of Pilate's permission to Joseph to take away the body of the Lord; in Acts 21:39 , of Paul's request to the chief captain to permit him to address the people, RV, "give ... leave" (for AV, "suffer"); in Acts 21:40 , "he had given him leave" (AV, "... licence"). See LET , LIBERTY , LICENCE , PERMIT , SUFFER.

* (c) In the sense of taking leave of, bidding farewell to.

14: ἀποτάσσω
(Strong's #657 — Verb — apotasso — ap-ot-as'-som-ahee )

used in the Middle Voice in the NT, lit. signifies "to arrange oneself off" (apo, "from," tasso, "to arrange"); hence, "to take leave of," Mark 6:46 , RV, "had taken leave of" (AV, "had sent ... away"); Acts 18:18 ; 18:21 , RV, "taking his leave of" (AV, "bade ... farewell"); 2 Corinthians 2:13 ; in Luke 9:61 , "to bid farewell;" in Luke 14:33 it has its other meaning "renouncing" (AV, "forsaking"). See FAREWELL , FORSAKE , RENOUNCE.

15: ἀσπάζομαι
(Strong's #782 — Verb — apaspazomai — as-pad'-zom-ahee )

"to embrace, salute, take leave of" (apo "from," aspazomai, "to salute"), is used in Acts 21:6 , AV, "when we had taken our leave" (RV, "bade ... farewell"). Some mss. have the simple verb aspazomai.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Leave, Left'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/l/leave-left.html. 1940.

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Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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