corner graphic   Hi,    
Facebook image
ver. 2.0.18.01.17
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Might, Mighty, Mightily, Mightier

Resource Toolbox
A — 1: δύναμις
(Strong's #1411 — Noun Feminine — dunamis — doo'-nam-is )

"power," (a) used relatively, denotes "inherent ability, capability, ability to perform anything," e.g., Matthew 25:15 , "ability;" Acts 3:12 , "power;" 2 Thessalonians 1:7 , RV, "(angels) of His power" (AV, "mighty"); Hebrews 11:11 , RV, "power" (AV, "strength"); see ABILITY; (b) used absolutely, denotes (1) "power to work, to carry something into effect," e.g., Luke 24:49 ; (2) "power in action," e.g., Romans 1:16 ; 1 Corinthians 1:18 ; it is translated "might" in the AV of Ephesians 1:21 (RV, "power"); so Ephesians 3:16 ; Colossians 1:11 (1st clause); 2 Peter 2:11 ; in Romans 15:19 , AV, this noun is rendered "mighty;" RV, "(in the) power of signs." The RV consistently avoids the rendering "might" for dunamis; the usual rendering is "power." Under this heading comes the rendering "mighty works," e.g., Matthew 7:22 , RV (AV, "wonderful works"); 11:20-23; singular number in Mark 6:5 ; in Matthew 14:2 ; Mark 6:14 the RV has "powers;" in 2 Corinthians 12:12 , RV, "mighty works" (AV, "mighty deeds"). See MIRACLE , especially POWER.

Note: Dunamis, "power," is to be distinguished from exousia, "the right to exercise power." See DOMINION , Note.

A — 2: ἰσχύς
(Strong's #2479 — Noun Feminine — ischus — is-khoos' )

denotes "might, strength, power," (a) inherent and in action as used of God, Ephesians 1:19 , RV, "(the strength, kratos, of His) might" AV, "(His mighty) power," i.e., power (over external things) exercised by strength; Ephesians 6:10 , "of His might;" 2 Thessalonians 1:9 , RV, "(from the glory) of His might" (AV "power"); Revelation 5:12 , RV, "might" (AV, "strength"); Revelation 7:12 , "might;" (b) as an endowment, said (1) of angles, 2 Peter 2:11 ; here the order is No. 2 and No. 1, RV, "might and power," which better expresses the distinction than the AV, "power and might;" in some mss. in Revelation 18:2 it is said of the voice of an angle [see E, (c)]; the most authentic mss. have the adjective ischuros, "mighty;" (2) of men, Mark 12:30,33 ; Luke 10:27 (RV and AV, "strength," in all three verses); 1 Peter 4:11 , RV, "strength" (AV, "ability:" this belongs rather to No. 1). Either "strength" or "might" expresses the true significance of ischus. See ABILITY , POWER , STRENGTH.

Notes: (1) In Luke 9:43 , AV, megaleiotes, "greatness, majesty," is translated "mighty power" (RV, "majesty"). (2) Cp. kratos (see POWER).

B — 1: δυνατός
(Strong's #1415 — Adjective — dunatos — doo-nat-os' )

"powerful, mighty" (akin to A, No. 1), is used, with that significance, (1) of God, Luke 1:49 , "mighty;" Romans 9:22 , "power" (here the neuter of the adjective is used with the article, as a noun, equivalent to dunamis); frequently with the meaning "able" (see ABLE , C, No. 1); (2) of Christ, regarded as a prophet, Luke 24:19 ("in deed and word"); (3) of men: Moses, Acts 7:22 ("in his words and works"); Apollos, Acts 18:24 , "in the Scriptures;" of those possessed of natural power, 1 Corinthians 1:26 ; of those possessed of spiritual power, 2 Corinthians 10:4 . For the shades of meaning in the translation "strong," see Romans 15:1 ; 2 Corinthians 12:10 ; 13:9 . For Revelation 6:15 , see No. 2, below; see STRONG. See also POSSIBLE.

B — 2: ἰσχυρός
(Strong's #2478 — Adjective — ischuros — is-khoo-ros' )

"strong, mighty" (akin to A, No. 2, and with corresponding adjectival significance), is usually translated "strong;" "mighty" in Luke 15:14 (of a famine); Revelation 19:6 (of thunders); 19:18 (of men): in the following, where the AV has "mighty," the RV substitutes "strong," 1 Corinthians 1:27 ; Revelation 6:15 (AV, "might men"); 18:10,21; Hebrews 11:34 , RV, "(waxed) mighty" (AV, "valiant"). See BOISTEROUS , POWERFUL , STRONG (where the word is analyzed).

B — 3: ἰσχυρός
(Strong's #2478 — Adjective — ischuroteros — is-khoo-ros' )

"stronger, mightier," the comparative degree of No. 2, is translated "mightier" in Matthew 3:11 ; Mark 1:7 ; Luke 3:16 ; "stronger" in Luke 11:22 ; 1 Corinthians 1:25 ; 10:22 . See STRONG.

B — 4: βίαιος
(Strong's #972 — Adjective — biaios — bee'-ah-yos )

"violent" (from bia, "force, violence, strength," found in Acts 5:26 ; 21:35 ; 24:7 ; 27:41 ), occurs in Acts 2:2 , of wind.

B — 5: κραταιός
(Strong's #2900 — Adjective — krataios — krat-ah-yos' )

"strong, mighty" (akin to kratos, "strength," relative and manifested power: see MIGHTILY , below), is found in 1 Peter 5:6 , of the "mighty" hand of God.

B — 6: μεγαλεῖος
(Strong's #3167 — Adjective — megaleios — meg-al-i'-os )

is rendered "mighty" in Acts 2:11 , RV See WONDERFUL , Note (2).

Notes: (1) In Luke 1:52 , AV, dunastes, "a potentate, prince," is translated "mighty" (RV, "princes"). (2) In Revelation 6:13 , AV, megas, "great," is translated "mighty" (RV, "great"), of a wind. (3) In Revelation 16:18 , AV, telikoutos, "so great" (when said of things), is translated "so mighty" (RV, "so great"), of an earthquake.

C — 1: δυνατέω
(Strong's #1414 — Verb — dunateo — doo-nat-eh'-o )

"to be powerful" (akin to A, No. 1 and B, No. 1), is found in the most authentic mss. in Romans 14:4 (some have dunatos, B, No. 1), RV "(the Lord) hath power," AV, "(God) is able;" similarly, as regard mss., in 2 Corinthians 9:8 , where the RV and AV have "(God) is able;" in 2 Corinthians 13:3 , AV, "is mighty," RV, "is powerful" (according to the general significance of dunamis).

Note: In Galatians 2:8 , AV, energeo, "to work, work in" (en, "in," ergon, "work"), is first translated "wrought effectually," then "was mighty in" (RV, "wrought for," in both places; the probable meaning is "in me"). See EFFECTUAL , WORK.

D — 1: εὐτόνως
(Strong's #2159 — Adverb — eutonos — yoo-ton'-oce )

"vigorously, vehemently" (eu, "well," teino, "to stetch"), is translated "mightily" in Acts 18:28 , AV, of the power of Apollos in "confuting" the Jews (RV, "powerfully"); in Luke 23:10 it is rendered "vehemently." See POWERFUL , VEHEMENTLY. In the Sept., Joshua 6:7 , "(let them sound) loudly."

* The following phrases signify "mightily:" (a) en dunamei, Colossians 1:29 , of the inward power of God's working, lit., "in power," as RV marg. (en, "in," and A, No. 1); (b) kata kratos, Acts 19:20 , of the increase of the word of the Lord in a place, lit, "according to might;" (c) in Revelation 18:2 some mss. have en ischui, lit., "in strength" (en, "in," and A, No. 2), of the voice of an angel.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Might, Mighty, Mightily, Mightier'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/m/might-mighty-mightily-mightier.html. 1940.


Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, January 17th, 2018
the Second Week after Epiphany
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

 
Prev Entry
Midst
Next Entry
Mile
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology