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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: οὐδέποτε
(Strong's #3763 — Adverb — oudepote — oo-dep'-ot-eh )

from oude, "not even," and pote, "at any time," is used in definite negative statements, e.g., Matthew 7:23 ; 1 Corinthians 13:8 ; Hebrews 10:1,11 , or questions, e.g., Matthew 21:16,42 ; in Luke 15:29 (1st part), RV, "never" (AV, "neither ... at any time"); AV and RV, "never" (2nd part).

2: μηδέποτε
(Strong's #3368 — Adverb — medepote — may-dep'-ot-eh )

virtually the same as No. 1, the negative me, however, conveying a less strong declarative negation, 2 Timothy 3:7 .

3: οὐδέπω
(Strong's #3764 — Adverb — oudepo — oo-dep'-o )

"not yet," is translated "never (man) yet" in John 19:41 ("man" representing the idiomatically used negative pronoun oudeis, "no one"); some mss. have it in Luke 23:53 , instead of oupo, "not yet."

Notes: (1) In Mark 14:21 , AV the negative particle ouk, "not," is translated "never" (RV, "not"); the negative particle me, "not" (which suggests non-existence when the existence was after all possible, or even probable, in contrast to ou, which implies non-existence absolutely) is translated "never" in John 7:15 , AV and RV (2) The phrase eis ton aiona, "for ever" (not to be rendered literally, "unto the age," see ETERNAL), preceded by the double negative ou me, denotes "never," John 4:14 ; 8:51,52 ; 10:28 ; 11:26 ; 13:8 ; so preceded by ouk, "not," in Mark 3:29 (3) In 2 Peter 1:10 , "never" is the translation of ou me pote, i.e., "by no means ever;" so with the double negative followed by the extended word popote, i.e., "by no means not even at any time," John 6:35 (2nd part). (4) Popote follows oudeis, "no one," in the dative case ("to no man"); so in Luke 19:30 , where oudeis is in the nominative case, RV, "no man ever yet" (AV, "yet never man").

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Never'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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Tuesday, January 21st, 2020
the Second Week after Epiphany
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