corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.12.14
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Rich, Riches, Richly, Rich Man

Resource Toolbox
A — 1: πλούσιος
(Strong's #4145 — Adjective — plousios — ploo'-see-os )

akin to B, C, No. 1, "rich, wealthy," is used (I) literally, (a) adjectivally (with a noun expressed separately) in Matthew 27:57 ; Luke 12:16 ; 14:12 ; 16:1,19 ; (without a noun), 18:23; 19:2; (b) as a noun, singular, a "rich" man (the noun not being expressed), Matthew 19:23,24 ; Mark 10:25 ; 12:41 ; Luke 16:21,22 ; 18:25 ; James 1:10,11 , "the rich," "the rich (man);" plural, Mark 12:41 , lit., "rich (ones);" Luke 6:24 (ditto); 21:1; 1 Timothy 6:17 , "(them that are) rich," lit., "(the) rich;" James 2:6 , RV, "the rich;" James 5:1 , RV, "ye rich;" Revelation 6:15 ; 13:16 , RV, "the rich;" (II) metaphorically, of God, Ephesians 2:4 ("in mercy"); of Christ, 2 Corinthians 8:9 ; of believers, James 2:5 , RV, "(to be) rich (in faith);" Revelation 2:9 , of spiritual "enrichment" generally; Revelation 3:17 , of a false sense of "enrichment."

B — 1: πλουτέω
(Strong's #4147 — Verb — plouteo — ploo-teh'-o )

"to be rich," in the aorist or point tense, "to become rich," is used (a) literally, Luke 1:53 , "the rich," present participle, lit., "(ones or those) being rich;" 1 Timothy 6:9,18 ; Revelation 18:3,15,19 (all three in the aorist tense); (b) metaphorically, of Christ, Romans 10:12 (the passage stresses the fact that Christ is Lord; see Romans 10:9 , and the RV); of the "enrichment" of believers through His poverty, 2 Corinthians 8:9 (the aorist tense expressing completeness, with permanent results); so in Revelation 3:18 , where the spiritual "enrichment" is conditional upon righteousness of life and conduct (see GOLD , No. 2); of a false sense of "enrichment," 1 Corinthians 4:8 (aorist), RV, "ye are become rich" (AV, "ye are rich"); Revelation 3:17 (perfect tense, RV, "I ... have gotten riches," AV, "I am ... increased with goods"), see GOODS , Note (3); of not being "rich" toward God, Luke 12:21 .

B — 2: πλουτίζω
(Strong's #4148 — Verb — ploutizo — ploo-tid'-zo )

"to make rich, enrich," is rendered "making (many) rich" in 2 Corinthians 6:10 (metaphorical of "enriching" spiritually). See ENRICH.

C — 1: πλοῦτος
(Strong's #4149 — Noun Masculine — ploutos — ploo'-tos )

is used in the singular (I) of material "riches," used evilly, Matthew 13:22 ; Mark 4:19 ; Luke 8:14 ; 1 Timothy 6:17 ; James 5:2 ; Revelation 18:17 ; (II) of spiritual and moral "riches," (a) possessed by God and exercised towards men, Romans 2:4 , "of His goodness and forbearance and longsuffering;" Romans 9:23 and Ephesians 3:16 , "of His glory" (i.e., of its manifestation in grace towards believers); Romans 11:33 , of His wisdom and knowledge; Ephesians 1:7 ; 2:7 , "of His grace;" Ephesians 1:18 , "of the glory of His inheritance in the saints;" Ephesians 3:8 , "of Christ;" Philippians 4:19 , "in glory in Christ Jesus," RV; Colossians 1:27 , "of the glory of this mystery ... Christ in you, the hope of glory;" (b) to be ascribed to Christ, Revelation 5:12 ; (c) of the effects of the gospel upon the Gentiles, Romans 11:12 (twice); (d) of the full assurance of understanding in regard to the mystery of God, even Christ, Colossians 2:2 , RV; (e) of the liberality of the churches of Macedonia, 2 Corinthians 8:2 (where "the riches" stands for the spiritual and moral value of their liberality); (f) of "the reproach of Christ" in contrast to this world's treasures, Hebrews 11:26 .

C — 2: χρῆμα
(Strong's #5536 — Noun Neuter — chrema — khray'-mah )

"what one uses or needs" (chraomai, "to use"), "a matter, business," hence denotes "riches," Mark 10:23,24 ; Luke 18:24 ; see MONEY , No. 2.

D — 1: πλουσίως
(Strong's #4146 — Adverb — plousios — ploo-see'-oce )

"richly, abundantly," akin to A, is used in Colossians 3:16 ; 1 Timothy 6:17 ; Titus 3:6 , RV, "richly" (AV, "abundantly"); 2 Peter 1:11 (ditto).


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Rich, Riches, Richly, Rich Man'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/r/rich-riches-richly-rich-man.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 14th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

 
Prev Entry
Rewarder
Next Entry
Rid
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology