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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Servant

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A — 1: δοῦλος
(Strong's #1401 — Noun — doulos — doo'-los )

an adjective, signifying "in bondage," Romans 6:19 (neuter plural, agreeing with mele, "members"), is used as a noun, and as the most common and general word for "servant," frequently indicating subjection without the idea of bondage; it is used (a) of natural conditions, e.g., Matthew 8:9 ; 1 Corinthians 7:21,22 (1st part); Ephesians 6:5 ; Colossians 4:1 ; 1 Timothy 6:1 ; frequently in the four Gospels; (b) metaphorically of spiritual, moral and ethical conditions: "servants" (1) of God, e.g., Acts 16:17 ; Titus 1:1 ; 1 Peter 2:16 ; Revelation 7:3 ; 15:3 ; the perfect example being Christ Himself, Philippians 2:7 ; (2) of Christ, e.g., Romans 1:1 ; 1 Corinthians 7:22 (2nd part); Galatians 1:10 ; Ephesians 6:6 ; Philippians 1:1 ; Colossians 4:12 ; James 1:1 ; 2 Peter 1:1 ; Jude 1:1 ; (3) of sin, John 8:34 (RV, "bondservants"); Romans 6:17,20 ; (4) of corruption, 2 Peter 2:19 (RV, "bondservants"); cp. the verb douloo (see B). See BONDMAN.

A — 2: διάκονος
(Strong's #1249 — Noun — diakonos — dee-ak'-on-os )

for which see DEACON and Note there on synonymous words, is translated "servant" or "servants" in Matthew 22:13 (RV marg., "ministers"); 23:11 (RV marg., ditto); Mark 9:35 , AV (RV, "minister"); John 2:5,9 ; 12:26 ; Romans 16:1 .

A — 3: παῖς
(Strong's #3816 — Noun — pais — paheece )

for which see CHILD , No. 4, also denotes "an attendant;" it is translated "servant" (a) of natural conditions, in Matthew 8:6,8,13 ; 14:2 ; Luke 7:7 ("menservants" in Luke 12:45 ); 15:26 ; (b) of spiritual relation to God, (1) of Israel, Luke 1:54 ; (2) of David, Luke 1:69 ; Acts 4:25 ; (3) of Christ, so declared by God the Father, Matthew 12:18 ; spoken of in prayer, Acts 4:27,30 , RV (AV, "child"); the argument advanced by Dalman for the rendering "Child" in these passages, is not sufficiently valid as against the RV, "Servant" in Acts 4 , and the AV and RV in Matthew 12 (cp., e.g., the use of pais in the Sept. of Genesis 41:38 ; Jeremiah 36:24 ). The Matthew 12 passage by direct quotation, and the Acts 4 passages by implication, refer to the ideal "Servant of Jehovah" (Sept., pais Kuriou), of Isaiah 42:1 and following passages, thus identifying the Servant with the Lord Jesus; for the same identification, cp. Acts 8:35 .

A — 4: οἰκέτης
(Strong's #3610 — Noun Masculine — oiketes — oy-ket'-ace )

"a house servant" (oikeo, "to dwell," oikos, "a house"), is translated "servant" in Luke 16:13 (RV marg., "household servant"); so Romans 14:4 ; 1 Peter 2:18 ; in Acts 10:7 , AV and RV, "household servants."

A — 5: ὑπηρέτης
(Strong's #5257 — Noun Masculine — huperetes — hoop-ay-ret'-ace )

for which see MINISTER , No. 3, and OFFICER, is translated "servants" in the AV of Matthew 26:58 ; Mark 14:65 (RV, "officers"); in John 18:36 , AV and RV (RV, marg., "officers").

A — 6: θεράπων
(Strong's #2324 — Noun Masculine — therapon — ther-ap'-ohn )

akin to therapeuo, "to serve, to heal, an attendant, servant," is a term of dignity and freedom, used of Moses in Hebrews 3:5 .

A — 7: σύνδουλος
(Strong's #4889 — Noun Masculine — sundoulos — soon'-doo-los )

"a fellow servant," is used (a) of natural conditions, Matthew 18:28,29,31,33 ; 24:49 ; (b) of "servants" of the same Divine Lord, Colossians 1:7 ; 4:7 ; Revelation 6:11 ; of angels, Revelation 19:10 ; 22:9 .

Note: For misthios and misthotos, see HIRED SERVANT.

B — 1: δουλόω
(Strong's #1402 — Noun Masculine — douloo — doo-lo'-o )

"to enslave, to bring into bondage" (akin to A, No. 1), e.g., 1 Corinthians 9:19 , RV, "I brought (myself) under bondage (to all)," AV, "I made myself servant," denotes in the Passive Voice, "to be brought into bondage, to become a slave or servant," rendered "ye became servants (of righteousness)" in Romans 6:18 ; "being ... become servants (to God)," Romans 6:22 . See BONDAGE , B, No. 2.


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Servant'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/s/servant.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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