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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Shine, Shining

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A — 1: φαίνω
(Strong's #5316 — Verb — phaino — fah'ee-no )

"to cause to appear," denotes, in the Active Voice, "to give light, shine," John 1:5 ; 5:35 ; in Matthew 24:27 , Passive Voice; so Philippians 2:15 , RV, "ye are seen" (for AV, "ye shine"); 2 Peter 1:19 (Active); so 1 John 2:8 ; Revelation 1:16 ; in Revelation 8:12 ; 18:23 (Passive); Revelation 21:23 (Active). See APPEAR.

A — 2: ἐπιφαίνω
(Strong's #2014 — Verb — epiphaino — ep-ee-fah'ee-no )

"to shine upon" (epi, "upon," and No. 1), is so translated in Luke 1:79 , RV (AV, "to give light"). See APPEAR , No. 2.

A — 3: λάμπω
(Strong's #2989 — Verb — lampo — lam'-po )

"to shine as a torch," occurs in Matthew 5:15,16 ; 17:2 ; Luke 17:24 ; Acts 12:7 ; 2 Corinthians 4:6 (twice): see LIGHT , B, No. 3.

A — 4: στίλβω
(Strong's #4744 — Verb — stilbo — stil'-bo )

"to shine, glisten," is used in Mark 9:3 of the garments of Christ at His transfiguration, RV, "glistering," AV, "shining." Cp. exastrapto, "dazzling," in Luke 9:29 , RV.

A — 5: ἐκλάμπω
(Strong's #1584 — Verb — eklampo — ek-lam'-po )

"to shine forth" (ek, "out" and No. 3), is used in Matthew 13:43 , of the future shining "forth" of the righteous "in the Kingdom of their Father."

A — 6: περιλάμπω
(Strong's #4034 — Verb — perilampo — per-ee-lam'-po )

"to shine around" (peri, "around," and No. 3), is used in Luke 2:9 , "shone round about," of the glory of the Lord; so in Acts 26:13 , of the light from Heaven upon Saul of Tarsus.

A — 7: περιαστράπτω
(Strong's #4015 — Verb — periastrapto — per-ee-as-trap'-to )

"to flash around, shine round about" (peri, and astrape, "shining brightness"), is used in Acts 9:3 ; 22:6 of the same circumstance as in 26:13 (No. 6).

A — 8: ἐπιφαύσκω
(Strong's #2017 — Verb — epiphausko | epiphauo — ep-ee-fow'-o )

"to shine forth," is used figuratively of Christ upon the slumbering believer who awakes and arises from among the dead, Ephesians 5:14 , RV, "shall shine upon thee" (AV, "shall give thee light").

B — 1: ἀστραπή
(Strong's #796 — Noun Feminine — astrape — as-trap-ay' )

denotes (a) "lightning," (b) "bright shining," of a lamp, Luke 11:36 . See LIGHTNING. Cp. No. 7, above, and Note (1) below.

Notes: (1) In Luke 24:4 , AV, astrapto, "to lighten," is translated "shining" (RV, "dazzling"). (2) In 2 Corinthians 4:4 ; AV, augazo, "to shine forth," is translated "shine" (RV, "dawn").


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Shine, Shining'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/s/shine-shining.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 5th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
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