corner graphic   Hi,    
ver. 2.0.19.06.19
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to classic.studylight.org/

Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Vain, in Vain, Vainly

Resource Toolbox
A — 1: κενός
(Strong's #2756 — Adjective — kenos — ken-os' )

"empty," with special reference to quality, is translated "vain" (as an adjective) in Acts 4:25 ; 1 Corinthians 15:10,14 (twice); Ephesians 5:6 ; Colossians 2:8 ; James 2:20 ; in the following the neuter, kenon, follows the preposition eis, "in," and denotes "in vain," 2 Corinthians 6:1 ; Galatians 2:2 ; Philippians 2:16 (twice); 1 Thessalonians 3:5 . See EMPTY , B, where the applications are enumerated.

A — 2: μάταιος
(Strong's #3152 — Adjective — mataios — mat'-ah-yos )

"void of result," is used of (a) idolatrous practices, Acts 14:15 , RV, "vain things" (AV, "vanities"); (b) the thoughts of the wise, 1 Corinthians 3:20 ; (c) faith, if Christ is not risen, 1 Corinthians 15:17 ; (d) questionings, strifes, etc., Titus 3:9 ; (e) religion, with an unbridled tongue, James 1:26 ; (f) manner of life, 1 Peter 1:18 . For the contrast between No. 1 and No. 2 see EMPTY.

Note: For mataiologoi, Titus 1:10 , see TALKERS (vain).

B — 1: ματαιόω
(Strong's #3154 — Verb — mataioo — mat-ah-yo'-o )

"to make vain, or foolish," corresponding in meaning to A, No. 2, occurs in Romans 1:21 , "became vain."

B — 2: κενόω
(Strong's #2758 — Verb — kenoo — ken-o'-o )

"to empty," corresponding to A, No. 1, is translated "should be in vain" in 2 Corinthians 9:3 , AV. See EFFECT , EMPTY , VOID.

C — 1: μάτην
(Strong's #3155 — Adverb — maten — mat'-ane )

properly the accusative case of mate, "a fault, a folly," signifies "in vain, to no purpose," Matthew 15:9 ; Mark 7:7 .

C — 2: δωρεάν
(Strong's #1432 — Adjective — dorean — do-reh-an' )

the accusative of dorea, "a gift," is used adverbially, denoting (a) "freely" (see FREE , D); (b) "uselessly," "in vain," Galatians 2:21 , AV (RV, "for nought"). See CAUSE , A, under "without a cause."

C — 3: εἰκῇ
(Strong's #1500 — Adverb — eike — i-kay' )

denotes (a) "without cause," "vainly," Colossians 2:18 ; (b) "to no purpose," "in vain," Romans 13:4 ; Galatians 3:4 (twice); 4:11. See CAUSE , A, Note (1), under "without a cause."


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Vain, in Vain, Vainly'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/v/vain-in-vain-vainly.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, June 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
ADVERTISEMENT
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
 or 
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  X  Y  Z 

 
Prev Entry
Vail
Next Entry
Vainglory, Vainglorious
ADVERTISEMENT
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology