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Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary


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the name of the first Hebrew sacred month, Exodus 13:4 . This month was afterward called Nisan; it contained thirty days, and answered to part of our March and April. Abib signifies green ears of corn, or fresh fruits, according to Jerom's translation, Exodus 13:4 , and to the LXX. It was so named because corn, particularly barley, was in ear at that time. It was an early custom to give names to months, from the appearances of nature; and the custom is still in force among many nations. The year among the Jews commenced in September, and consequently their jubilees and other civil matters were regulated in this way, Leviticus 25:8-10 ; but their sacred year began in Abib. This change took place at the redemption of Israel from Egypt, Exodus 12:2 , "This shall be to you the beginning of months." Ravanelli observes, that as this deliverance from Egypt was a figure of the redemption of the church of Jesus Christ, who died and rose again in this month, it was made the "beginning of months," to lead the church to expect the acceptable year of the Lord. On the tenth day of this month the paschal lamb was taken; and on the fourteenth they ate the passover. On the seven succeeding days they celebrated the feast of unleavened bread, on the last of which days they held a solemn convocation, Exodus 12:13 . On the fifteenth they gathered the sheaf of the barley first fruits, and on the following day presented an offering of it to the Lord, which having done they might begin their harvest, Leviticus 23.

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Bibliography Information
Watson, Richard. Entry for 'Abib'. Richard Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary. 1831-2.

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