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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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bāb :

(1) נער , na‛ar ; παῖς , paı́s of a male infant 3 months old (Exodus 2:6 ) translated elsewhere "boy" or "lad."

(2) עולל , ‛ōlēl , תּעלוּלים , ta‛ălūlı̄m , in the general sense of "child" (Psalm 8:2 ; Psalm 17:14 ; Isaiah 3:4 ).

(3) βρέφος , bréphos an unborn or newborn child (King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) of Luke 1:41 , Luke 1:44 ; Luke 2:12 , Luke 2:16 ; 1 Peter 2:2 and the Revised Version (British and American) of Luke 18:15 [AV "infants" ; Acts 7:19 [King James Version, "young children" and 2 Timothy 3:15 [King James Version, "child").

(4) νήπιος , nḗpios = Latin infans , "a child that cannot speak." (King James and the Revised Version (British and American) of Matthew 11:25 ; Matthew 21:16 ; Luke 10:21 ; Romans 2:20 ; 1 Corinthians 3:1 ; Hebrews 5:13 ) the same word is translated "child," plural "children" (in the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) of 1 Corinthians 13:11 ; Galatians 4:1 , Galatians 4:3 ; Ephesians 4:14 ) the verb nēpiázete is translated in the King James Version "be ye children" and in the Revised Version (British and American) "be ye babes" (1 Corinthians 14:20 ). Nēpios is used metaphorically of those who are like children, of simple and single minds, as opposed to the "wise and understanding" ( Matthew 11:25 = Luke 10:21 ; compare 1 Corinthians 14:20 ). "Babes in Christ" are men of little spiritual growth, carnal as opposed to spiritual (1 Corinthians 3:1 ; compare Hebrews 5:13 ; Ephesians 4:14 ). Nēpios is also used of a child as a minor or infant in the eye of the law ( Galatians 4:1 , Galatians 4:3 ).

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Babe'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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