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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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brest : Signifying the front view of the bust in humans and the corresponding portion of the body in animals. חזה , ḥāzeh , occurs in Exodus 29:26 , Exodus 29:27 ; Leviticus 7:30 , Leviticus 7:31 , Leviticus 7:34 ; Leviticus 8:29 ; Leviticus 10:14 , Leviticus 10:15 ; Numbers 6:20 ; Numbers 18:18 ; and חדי , ḥădhı̄ , in Daniel 2:32 . שד , shadh or שׁד , shōdh = "breast" in the sense of pap of a woman or animal (Job 24:9 ; Song of Solomon 8:1 , Song of Solomon 8:8 , Song of Solomon 8:10 ; Isaiah 60:16 ; Lamentations 4:3 ). Only one word occurs with this signification in the New Testament: στῆθος , stḗthos = "bosom," "chest" (Luke 18:13 ; Luke 23:48 ; John 13:25 ; John 21:20 ). See WAVE OFFERING .

Figurative: "The breasts of virginity," pressed and bruised ( Ezekiel 23:3 , Ezekiel 23:8 the King James Version), indicative of Ezekiel's belief that Israel practiced idolatry in Egypt (compare Ezekiel 20:8 ). "To tear (pluck off) thy breasts" (Ezekiel 23:34 ) denotes the anguish of the people in parting with their beloved sin (compare Hosea 2:2 ). "Its breast of silver" (Daniel 2:32 ) is possibly expressive of the humanity and wealth of the Medo-Persian empire.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Breast'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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