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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Cheer; Cheerfulness

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chēr , chēr´fool -nes : The English word "cheer" meant (1) originally face, countenance (Greek κάρα , kára , "head," through Old French, chere, "face"), (2) Then the expression on the face, especially (3) The expression of good spirits, and finally (4) good spirits, without any reference to the facial expression. The noun "cheer" in English Versions of the Bible is only found with adjective "good" (except 1 Esdras 9:54, "great cheer"), the word not having quite lost its earlier neutral character (any face expression, whether joyous or otherwise). In Old Testament, טוב , ṭōbh , is translated "cheer," "let thy heart cheer thee" (see GOOD ); שׂמח , sāmēaḥ , "to rejoice" is so translated in Deuteronomy 24:5 , "shall cheer his wife" (the King James Version "cheer up his wife"), and Judges 9:13 , "wine, which cheereth God ('ĕlōhı̄m ) and man." The phrase "of good cheer" occurs in Old Testament in Job 9:27 (the King James Version "comfort"); in Apocrypha, 1 Esdras 9:54; The Wisdom of Solomon 18:6; Baruch 4:5, 30; Sirach 18:32 the King James Version (the Revised Version (British and American) "luxury"); in New Testament for Greek euthuméō , eúthumos , in Acts 27:22 , Acts 27:25 , Acts 27:36 , and for tharséō in Matthew 9:2 , Matthew 9:22 . (the King James Version "comfort"); Matthew 14:27 ; Mark 6:50 ; Mark 10:49 (RV; "comfort" in the King James Version); John 16:33 ; Acts 23:11 . "Cheer" as verb transitive occurs in Ecclesiastes 11:9 ; Deuteronomy 24:5 ; Judges 9:13 .

Cheerful occurs in Proverbs 15:13 , Proverbs 15:15 (the King James Version "merry"); Zechariah 8:19 ; Zechariah 9:17 the King James Version; Sirach 30:25; 2 Corinthians 9:7 .

Cheerfully , Acts 24:10 .

Cheerfulness , Romans 12:8 .

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Cheer; Cheerfulness'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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