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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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kē´sed , kes´ed ( כּשׂדּים , kasdı̄m ; Χάσζαδ , Chászad ): One of the sons of Nahor and Milcah (Genesis 22:22 ); was probably the father of the Casdim. The early Babylonian form Kašdu appears in Assyrian as Kaldu or Kaldû. English Versions of the Bible follows the Assyrian and Greek style of writing the name and uses Chaldees or Chaldeans instead of Casdim. The Chaldeans dwelt in the lower valley of the Euphrates, at the head of the Persian Gulf. Abram came from Ur of the Chaldees (Genesis 11:28 , Genesis 11:31 ; Genesis 15:7 ; Nehemiah 9:7 ). In Job 1:17 the Casdim are described as invading the land of Uz, the eldest brother of Chesed ( Genesis 22:21 , Genesis 22:22 ). In the days of Nebuchadrezzar the Casdim overran Syria and Palestine and carried the people of Judah in successive deportations into captivity (2 Kings 24:1 f,10ff; 2 Kings 25:1 ). In Daniel 2:2 , Daniel 2:5 the Casdim are named with the magicians and astrologers as a learned class, skilled in interpretations. Casdim is sometimes used in Hebrew for the land of Chaldea ( Ezekiel 23:15 f; Ezekiel 11:24 ).

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Chesed'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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