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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Empty; Emptier

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emp´ti , emp´ti -ẽr ( κενός , kenós ): "Empty," adjective meaning void, etc., as the translation of ריק , rēḳ , ריק , rı̄ḳ , ריקם , rēḳām , etc., occurs in the literal sense of "with nothing" (Genesis 31:42 ; Job 22:9 ); in 2 Samuel 1:22 , it is equivalent to "in vain," "hungry" (Isaiah 29:8 ); in some instances the meaning is comparative only; בּקק , bāḳaḳ , "to gush out," "to pour out," "to empty" is used adjectivally (Hosea 10:1 , "Israel is an empty vine"; but the Revised Version (British and American) takes the Hebrew word in its original sense of "pouring out," rendering "Israel is a luxuriant vine"); tōhū , "emptiness" (Job 26:7 ); kenos , "empty" is so translated (Mark 12:3 ); in Matthew 12:44 , the Greek word is scholázō , "to be free," "unoccupied"; "to empty" (verb) is the translation of bāḳaḳ (Nahum 2:2 ), of dālal , "to become poor," etc. (Isaiah 19:6 , the English Revised Version "minished," the American Standard Revised Version "diminished"). the Revised Version (British and American) has "empty" for "vain" (Ephesians 5:6 ), "emptied himself" for "made himself of no reputation" (Philippians 2:7 ), "emptied out" for "gathered" (2 Kings 22:9 ; 2 Chronicles 34:17 , margin "poured out").


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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Empty; Emptier'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/isb/e/empty-emptier.html. 1915.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, August 25th, 2019
the Week of Proper 16 / Ordinary 21
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