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fām ( שׁם , shēm , שׁמע , shēma‛ ; ἀκοή , akoḗ , φήμη , phḗmē ): "Fame" has the twofold meaning, (1) of report or rumor, (2) of renown or reputation (in the Old Testament it is not always easy to distinguish the two senses). "Fame," shēma‛ , "fame," "rumor," "reports" (Numbers 14:15 ; Job 28:22 , the Revised Version (British and American) "rumor") probably means "report"; but in 1 Kings 10:1 ; 2 Chronicles 9:1 ; Isaiah 66:19 , it is most probably "renown," or "reputation"; shemū‛āh (1 Kings 10:7 ; 2 Chronicles 9:6 ) may have either meaning; shōma‛ (Joshua 6:27 ; Joshua 9:9 ; Esther 9:4 ) seems to mean "fame" in the sense of reputation; but in Jeremiah 6:24 (as the American Standard Revised Version) "report"; shēm , "name," has the sense of reputation (1 Kings 4:31 ; 1 Chronicles 14:17 ; 1 Chronicles 22:5 ; Zephaniah 3:19 , the Revised Version (British and American) "name"); ḳōl , "voice," is report (Genesis 45:16 , the American Standard Revised Version "report"). In the New Testament akoē , "hearing," is "report," so the Revised Version (British and American) (Matthew 4:24 ; Matthew 14:1 ; Mark 1:28 ); phēmē , "word," "rumor," is report, fame in this sense (Matthew 9:26 ; Luke 4:14 ); ḗchos , "a sound," "noise" (Luke 4:37 , the Revised Version (British and American) "rumor"), and lógos , "word" (Luke 5:15 , the Revised Version (British and American) "report") have the same meaning; diaphēmı́zō , "to say throughout," "to report publicly" (Matthew 9:31 , "they ... spread abroad his fame"), seems to imply fame in the sense of reputation.

In 1 Macc 3:26, we have "fame" in the sense of reputation, "His fame (ónoma , the Revised Version (British and American) "name") came near even to the king"; so 3:41, "heard the fame of them."

ERV has "fame" for "report" (shēma‛̇ ), Jeremiah 50:43 .

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Fame'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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