corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Naked; Nakedness

Resource Toolbox

nā´ked , nā´ked - nes : "Naked" in the Old Testament represents various derivatives of עוּר , ‛ūr and ערה , ‛ārāh chiefly, ערום , ‛ārōm (adj.) and ערוה , ‛erwāh (noun); in the New Testament the adjective is ψυμνός , gumnós , the noun γυμνότης , gumnótēs , with verb γυμνητεύω , gumnēteúō , in 1 Corinthians 4:11 . In Exodus 32:25 ; 2 Chronicles 28:19 , the King James Version adds פּרע , pāra' , "break loose," "cast away restraint." Both the Greek and Hebrew forms mean "without clothing," but in both languages they, are used frequently in the sense of "lightly clad" or, simply, "without an outer garment." So, probably, is the meaning in John 21:7 - P eter was wearing only the chitōn (see DRESS ); and so perhaps in Mark 14:51-52 and Micah 1:8 . In Isaiah 20:2-4 , however, the meaning is literally (for the "three years" of Isaiah 20:3 see the commentaries). So in Genesis 11:25 ; Genesis 3:7 , where the act of sin is immediately followed by the sense of shame (see Delitzsch, Biblical Psychology , and Gunkel, ad loc.). A very common use of "naked" is also "without proper clothing" (Job 22:6 ; 1 Corinthians 4:11 , etc.), whence, of course, the expression "clothe the naked." "Nakedness," in addition, is used as a euphemism in 1 Samuel 20:30 . A slightly different euphemistic usage is that of Leviticus 18:19 , which in Ezekiel 16:36-37 is played off against the literal sense (compare Ezekiel 22:10 ; Ezekiel 23:18 , Ezekiel 23:29 ). The point of Genesis 9:22-23 is a little hard to grasp, but apparently there is here again a euphemism - this time for a particularly horrible act (see the commentaries and compare Habakkuk 2:15 ). Possibly some of these euphemisms are due to the Massoretes (see OLD TESTAMENT TEXTS ). The Jews obj ected vigorously to exposure of the body (even athletes insisting on a loin-cloth (compare 2 Macc 4:12, 13)), and compulsory nudity was the extreme of shame and humiliation (Isaiah 20:2-4 ; Lamentations 1:8 ; Hosea 2:3 ; Nahum 3:5 , etc.). The relation of this attitude to Israel's high sexual morality needs no explanation.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and were generously provided by the folks at WordSearch Software.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Naked; Nakedness'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, February 16th, 2020
the Sixth Sunday after Epiphany
There are 56 days til Easter!
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

Prev Entry
Next Entry
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology