corner graphic   Hi,    
Finding the new version too difficult to understand? Go to

Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

North; North Country

Resource Toolbox

nôrth , ( צפון , cāphōn , from root צפן , cāphan , "to hide," i.e. "the hidden," "the dark" (Gesenius); βοῤῥᾶς , borrhás , βορέας , boréas ( Judith 16:4 ); septentrio (2 Esdras 15:43)): In addition to the many places where "north" occurs merely as a point of the compass, there are several passages in Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and Zephaniah, where it refers to a particular country, usually Assyria or Babylonia: Jeremiah 3:18 , "They shall come together out of the land of the north to the land that I gave for an inheritance unto your fathers"; Jeremiah 46:6 , "In the north by the river Euphrates have they stumbled and fallen"; Ezekiel 26:7 , "I will bring upon Tyre Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, king of kings, from the north"; Zephaniah 2:13 , "He will stretch out his hand against the north, and destroy Assyria, and will make Nineveh a desolation."

While the site of Nineveh was Northeast of Jerusalem, and that of Babylon almost due East, it was not unnatural for them to be referred to as "the north," because the direct desert routes were impracticable, and the roads led first into Northern Syria and then eastward (compare however Genesis 29:1 , "Then Jacob went on his journey, and came to the land of the children of the east").

In Ezekiel 38:6 , we have, "Gomer, and all his hordes; the house of Togarmah in the uttermost parts of the north." It is uncertain what country is here referred to. Some have supposed Armenia (compare Genesis 10:3 ; 1 Chronicles 1:6 ; Ezekiel 27:14 ).

The north border of the promised land, as outlined in Numbers 34:7-9 and Ezekiel 47:15-17 , cannot be determined with certainty, because some of the towns named cannot be identified, but it was approximately the latitude of Mt. Hermon, not including Lebanon or Damascus. For North (mezārı̄m ) see ASTRONOMY .

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and were generously provided by the folks at WordSearch Software.

Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'North; North Country'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, May 29th, 2020
the Seventh Week after Easter
Search for…
Enter query in the box:
Choose a letter to browse:
A  B  C  D  E  F  G  H  I  J  K  L  M 
N  O  P  Q  R  S  T  U  V  W  Y  Z 

Prev Entry
Next Entry
Northeast; Southeast
To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient contact form
Powered by Lightspeed Technology