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International Standard Bible Encyclopedia


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pot : A term used as the translation of a number of Hebrew and Greek words whose fundamental meaning seems to describe them as intended for the most part to hold liquid or semi-liquid substances, but the pots of Exodus 27:3 are intended to hold ashes. (1) סר , ṣı̄r , the most common word for "pot." It designates most frequently some household utensil, probably a pot or kettle for boiling. So 2 Kings 4:38 ff; Exodus 16:3 ; Jeremiah 1:13 the King James Version; Ezekiel 11:3 , Ezekiel 11:7 , Ezekiel 11:11 , "caldron"; Ezekiel 24:3 , Ezekiel 24:6 the King James Version; Micah 3:3 ; Zechariah 14:21 , etc. It is also used as the name of some vessel of the sanctuary. So Exodus 27:3 , where the context shows it was intended to hold ashes; 1 Kings 7:45 ; 2 Chronicles 4:16 ; 2 Kings 25:14 . In Psalm 60:8 ; Psalm 108:9 , it is a pot for washing. (2) פּריּר , pārūr (Numbers 11:8 ; 1 Samuel 2:14 ), a vessel for boiling; in Judges 6:19 , a vessel for holding broth. (3) דּוּד , dūdh , rendered "pot" in Psalm 81:6 in the King James Version, "basket" in the Revised Version (British and American); "pot" both the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) in Job 41:20 . (4) צנצנת , cinceneth (Exodus 16:33 ), the jar in which the manna was placed. This jar or pot is mentioned in Hebrews 9:4 under the name στάμνος , stámnos . (5) אסון , 'āṣōn (2 Kings 4:2 ), some kind of jar for holding oil. (6) ξέστης , xéstēs (Mark 7:4 ), some kind of household utensil. Mention may also be made of the word rendered "pot" in Leviticus 6:28 the King James Version, where the Revised Version (British and American) renders more correctly by the general term "vessel"; for the King James Version "pots" ( Psalm 68:13 ) the Revised Version (British and American) substitutes "sheepfolds." The root is uncertain. Those who render "sheepfolds" connect with the related root in Genesis 49:14 ; Judges 5:16 . Others render "fireplaces" or "ash heaps." See also "range for pots," in Leviticus 11:35 ; "pots," Jeremiah 35:5 the King James Version, correctly "bowls" the Revised Version (British and American); "refining pots" in Proverbs 17:3 ; Proverbs 27:21 . See also FOOD .

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Pot'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. 1915.

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