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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Worker; Workfellow; Workman

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wûr´kẽr , wûrk´fel - , wûrk´man ( חרשׁ , ḥārāsh , פּעל , pā‛al ; ἐργάτης , ergátēs , συνεργός , sunergós ): "Worker" (artificer) is the translation of ḥārāsh , "to cut in" ( 1 Kings 7:14 , "a worker in brass"), and of ḥārāsh , "artificer," etc. (1 Chronicles 22:15 ); "workers of stone," rendered "workman," "workmen" (Isaiah 40:20 ; Isaiah 44:11 ; Jeremiah 10:3 , Jeremiah 10:9 , "artificer"; Hosea 8:6 ); ‛āsah , "to work," is translated "workers" of iniquity (Psalm 37:1 , "them that work unrighteousness"); ‛āsah melā'khāh , "to do work" (2 Kings 12:14 , 2 Kings 12:15 , "workmen," "them that did the work"; 1 Chronicles 22:15 ; 2 Chronicles 24:13 , etc.; Ezra 3:9 ); 'aneshē melā'khāh , "men of work" (1 Chronicles 25:1 , "workmen," "them that did the work"); ‛āmēl , "working," "toiling" (Judges 5:26 , "put ... her right hand to the workmen's hammer"); pā‛al , "to act," "do," when translated "workers," is joined with "iniquity," "workers of iniquity" (Job 31:3 ; Job 34:8 , Job 34:22 ; Psalm 5:5 ; Psalm 6:8 ; Psalm 14:4 , etc.; Proverbs 10:29 ; Proverbs 21:15 ); ergatēs , "worker," is translated "workman" (Matthew 10:10 , "laborer"; 2 Timothy 2:15 ; Acts 19:25 ), "workers" (of iniquity) (Luke 13:27 ), "deceitful workers" (2 Corinthians 11:13 ), "evil workers" (Philippians 3:2 ); dúnamis , "power," is translated "(workers of) miracles" (1 Corinthians 12:29 margin, the Revised Version (British and American) "powers"); sunergéō , "to work with" (2 Corinthians 6:1 , "working together with him").

Workfellow is the translation of sunergos , "joint or fellow-worker" ( Romans 16:21 ; Colossians 4:11 ).

Workmaster occurs in Sirach 38:27 , as the translation of architéktōn .

For "of ("with") cunning work" (Exodus 26:1 , Exodus 26:31 ; Exodus 28:6 , Exodus 28:15 ; Exodus 36:8 , Exodus 36:35 ; Exodus 39:3 , Exodus 39:8 ), the American Standard Revised Version has "the work of the skillful workman," the English Revised Version "of the cunning workman"; instead of "I was by him as one brought up (with him)" (Proverbs 8:30 ), the Revised Version (British and American) has "I was by him as a master workman.


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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Worker; Workfellow; Workman'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/isb/w/worker-workfellow-workman.html. 1915.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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