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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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prop. a large cooking vessel, is the rendering in certain passages of the Auth. Vers. for the following words:

1. אִגְמוֹן, agmon` (Job 41:20 [12]), a heated kettle, others a burning reed ("rush" else-where);

2. דּוּד, dud (2 Chronicles 35:13; "pot," Job 41:20 [12]; Psalms 81:6; "kettle," 1 Samuel 2:14), a large boiler (also a "basket");

3. סַיר, sir (Jeremiah 52:18-19; Ezekiel 11:3; Ezekiel 11:7; Ezekiel 11:11, elsewhere "pot"), the most general term for a kettle or basin (also a "thorn");

4. קִלִּחִת, kallach'ath (1 Samuel 2:14; Micah 3:3), a pan or pot (so called from pouring) ;

5. λέβης (2 Maccabees 7:3), a kettle, in this case a large caldron for torture. Metallic vessels of this description have been obtained from the ruins of Egypt, and still more lately two copper caldrons were discovered by Mr. Layard among the excavations at Nimroud (Nin!, and Bab. p. 149 sq.), about 21 feet in diameter, and 3 feet deep, resting upon a stand of brick work, with their mouths closed by large tiles, and containing a variety of smaller bronze objects. (See POT).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Caldron,'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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Caldwell, Abel
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