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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. Gallim', גִּלִּים, heaps, or perhaps fountains), a place emwhich is twice mentioned in the Bible:

1. As the native place of the man to whom Michal, David's wife, was given "Phalti, the son of Laish, who was from Gallim" (מִגִּלִּים, 1 Samuel 25:44; Sept. Ρόμμα ; Josephus Γεθλά, Ant. 6:13, 8); but there is no clew to the situation of the place. In 2 Samuel 3:15-16, where Michal returns to David at Hebron, her husband is represented as following her as far as Bahurim, i.e., on the road between the Mount of Olives and Jericho, (comp. 2 Samuel 16:1). But even this does not necessarily point to the direction of Gals lim, because Phalti may have been at the time with Ishbosheth at Mahanaim, the road from which would naturally lead past Bahurim.

2. The name occurs again in the catalogue of places terrified at the approach of Sennacherib (Isaiah 10:30; Sept. Γαλλείμ ) "Lift up thy voice, O daughter (i.e., inhabitant) of Gallim! attend, O Laish! poor Anathoth!" The other towns in this passage Aiath, Michmash, Ramah, Gibeah of Saul are all, like Anathoth, in the tribe of Benjamin, a short distance north of Jerusalem. It should not be overlooked that in both these passages the names Laish and Gallim are mentioned in connection. Possibly the Ben-Laish in the former implies that Phalti was a native of Laish, that being dependent on Gallim. Its site was unknown to Eusebius and Jerome (Onomast. s.v. Γαλλεί, Gallim), although from hearsay (λἐγεται ) they place a village of a similar name (Γαλλαϊ v α ) near Accaron (Ekron). Schwarz (Palest. page 131) reports a Beit-Djallin between Ramleh and Joppa, but by other explorers the name is given as Beit-Dejan. Porter suggests the little village of Himseh as a suitable locality (Handb.for Syria, page 214); but there are no ruins there, as at Khirbet el-Haiyeh (Ruins of the Serpents), on a low tell, a little farther N.E., containing the remains of an ordinary village, with a cistern in the middle (Robinson, Later Researches; page 288).

Among the names of towns added by the Sept. to those of Judah in Joshua 15:59, Gallim (Γαλλίμ v.r. Γαλέμ ) occurs between Karem and Thether. In Isaiah 15:8, the Vulgate has Gallirm for Eglaim, among the towns of Moab.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Gallim'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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