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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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a various reading of two Heb. names. (See ETS-HADAR).

1. CHADAR'(חֲדִר, perhaps chamber; Sept. Χοδδάν; Vulg. Hadar), a son of Ishmael (Genesis 25:15); written in 1 Chronicles 1:30, Chadad'(חֲדִד, Χονδάν , Hadad); but Gesenius supposes the former to be the true reading of the name. It has not been identified, in a satisfactory way, with the appellation of any tribe or place in Arabia, or on the Syrian frontier; but names identical with, or very closely resembling it, are not uncommon in those parts, and may contain traces of the Ishmaelitish tribe sprung from Hadar. The mountain Hadad, belonging to Teyma, (See TEMA). on the borders of the Syrian desert, north of el-Medineh, is perhaps the most likely to be correctly identified with the ancient dwellings of this tribe; it stands among a group of names of the sons of Ishmael, containing Dumah, Kedar, and Temna. (See HADAD), 2.

2. HADAR'(הֲדִר, perh. ornament; Sept. Ἀράδ v.r. Ἀράθ; Vulg. Adua), one of the Edomitish kings, successor of Baal-Hanan ben-Achbor (Genesis 36:39); and, if we may so understand the statement of Genesis 36:31, about contemporary with Saul. The name of his city, and the name and genealogy of his wife, are given. In the parallel list in 1 Chronicles 1, he appears as HADAD. We know from another source (1 Kings 11:14, etc.) that Hadad was one of the names of the royal family of Edom. Indeed, it occurs in this very list (Genesis 36:35). (See HADAD), 4.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Hadar'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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