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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Measure

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is the rendering in the Auth. Vers. of a number of Hebrew and Greek terms, some of which are descriptive of dimension or extent generally, while others denote a specific length or capacity, Again, there are other words in the original denoting a particular quantity or space, which are still differently rendered in the Auth. Vers. It is our purpose in the present article to present merely a general view of the various renderings, leaving the determination of the modern equivalents to the special head of METROLOGY (See METROLOGY) (q.v.). The following are the words rendered "measure" in the A.V.:

1. Those that are of indefinite Import.

(1) חֹק, chok (Isaiah 5:14; a statute, as elsewhere usually rendered);

(2) מִד, mad (Job 11:9; Jeremiah 13:25; reduplicated plur. Job 38:5; elsewhere a garment, as usually rendered);

(3). properly מַדָּה, middah', the usual word thus rendered (Exodus 26:2; Exodus 26:8; Joshua 3:4; 1 Kings 6:25; 1 Kings 7:9; 1 Kings 7:11; 1 Kings 7:37; 2 Chronicles 3:3; Job 28:25; Psalms 39:4 [5]; Jeremiah 21:39; Ezekiel 40:3; Ezekiel 40:5; Ezekiel 40:10; Ezekiel 40:21-22; Ezekiel 40:24; Ezekiel 40:28-29; Ezekiel 40:32-33; Ezekiel 40:35; Ezekiel 41:17; Ezekiel 42:15-19; Ezekiel 43:13; Ezekiel 45:3; Ezekiel 46:22; Ezekiel 48:16; Ezekiel 48:30; Ezekiel 48:33; Zechariah 2:1 [5]; elsewhere " piece," etc.);

(4) מְשֹוּרָה, mesurah' (Leviticus 19:35; 1 Chronicles 23:39; Ezekiel 4:11; Ezekiel 4:16);

(5) מַשְׁפָּט, mishpat' (Jeremiah 30:2; Jeremiah 46:28; judgment, as elsewhere usually rendered);

(6) מַתְכֹּנֶת, mithko'neth. (Ezekiel 45:11; "tale," Exodus 5:8; "composition," Exodus 30:32; Exodus 30:37; " state," 2 Chronicles 24:13);

(7) תֹּכֶ tִ o'ken (Ezekiel 45:11; "tale," Exodus 5:18);

(8) μέτρον, the usual and proper Greek word (Matthew 7:2; Matthew 23:32; Mark 4:24; Luke 6:38; John 3:34; Romans 12:3; 2 Corinthians 10:13; Ephesians 4:7; Ephesians 4:13; Ephesians 4:16; Revelation 21:17).

2. Such as represent a definite Value.

(1) אֵיפָה, eyphah' (Deuteronomy 25:14-15; Proverbs 20:10; Micah 6:10; elsewhere "ephah" [q.v.]);

(2) אִמָּה, ammah' (Jeremiah 51:13; "post," Isaiah 6:4; elsewhere "cubit" [q.v.]);

(3) כֹּר kor (1 Kings 4:22 [1 Kings 5:2]; 1 Kings 11:22]; 2 Chronicles 2:10 [9]; 2 Chronicles 27:5; Chald. plur. Ezra 7:22; elsewhere "cor" [q.v.]), Gr.- κόρος (Luke 16:7);

(4) סְאָה, seah' (Genesis 18:6; 1 Samuel 25:18; 1 Kings 18:32; 2 Kings 7:16; 2 Kings 7:18; a seah [q.v.]), the Gr. σάτον (Matthew 13:33; Luke 13:21), and the reduplicated form סִאסְּאָה, sasseah (Isaiah 27:8; used indeterminately);

(5) שָׁלַישׁ, shalish' (Isaiah 40:12; "great measure," Psalms 80:5; lit. a third, i.e.. prob. of the ephah, but used indefinitely;

(6) βάτος (Luke 16:6; the Hebrew bath [q.v.]); (7) χοῖνιξ (Revelation 6:6; the Greek choenix [q.v.]).


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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Measure'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/tce/m/measure.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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