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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Sanctuary

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Is the occasional rendering, in the A.V., of two Heb. and one Greek term. A general term is קֹדֶשׁ, kodesh (" sanctuary," Exodus 30:13; Exodus 30:24; Exodus 36:1; Exodus 36:3-4; Exodus 36:6; Exodus 38:25-27; Leviticus 4:6; Leviticus 5:15; Leviticus 10:4; Leviticus 27:3; Leviticus 27:25; Numbers 3:28; Numbers 3:31-32; Numbers 3:47; Numbers 3:50; Numbers 4:12; Numbers 4:15; Numbers 7:9; Numbers 7:13; Numbers 7:19; Numbers 7:25; Numbers 7:31; Numbers 7:37; Numbers 7:43; Numbers 7:49; Numbers 7:55; Numbers 7:61; Numbers 7:67; Numbers 7:73; Numbers 7:79; Numbers 7:85-86; Numbers 8:19; Numbers 18:3; Numbers 18:5; Numbers 18:10; 1 Chronicles 9:29; Psalms 20:2; Psalms 58:2; Psalms 68:24; Psalms 74:3; Psalms 77:13; Psalms 114:2; Psalms 150:1; Isaiah 43:28; Lamentations 4:1; Ezekiel 41:21; Ezekiel 41:23; Ezekiel 42:20; Ezekiel 44:27; Ezekiel 45:2; Daniel 8:13-14; Daniel 9:26; Zephaniah 3:4), which properly means holiness (often so rendered, frequently as an attribute, and perhaps to be regarded as a concrete of the sacred edifice), and especially the "holy place" (as very often rendered). The more specific term is מַקְדָּשׁ, mikdash (invariably rendered "sanctuary," except Amos 7:13, "chapel," and twice in the plur. "holy place" [Psalms 68:35; Ezekiel 21:2]), which is from the same root, and signifies the local shrine. In the New Test. we have the corresponding ἃγιον (" sanctuary," Hebrews 8:2; Hebrews 9:1-2; Hebrews 13:11; elsewhere "holy place" or "holiest"), which is simply the neut. of ἃγιος , a general term for anything holy. (See HOLY PLACE); (See TABERNACLE); (See TEMPLE).


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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Sanctuary'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/tce/s/sanctuary.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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