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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Heb. Tachrie'd, תְִּחרֵעִ, cunning [Gesenius], or flight [Fü rst]; Sept. Θαρά v.r. Θαράχ ; Vulg. Tharaa), third named of the four sons of Micah, Jonathan's grandson (1 Chronicles 9:41); called in the parallel passage (1ch 8:35) TAREA (See TAREA) (q.v.). B.C. post 1037. Tah'tim-Hod'shi (Heb. Tachtim' Chodshi', חָדנְשַׁי תִּחְתַּים, lit. lowlands my month; Sept. Θαβασῶν ἐστιν Ναβασαί v.r. ἐθαὼν ἀδασαί ; Vulg. inferiora Hodsi), a region (אֶרֶוֹ, "land") mentioned as one of the places visited by Joab during his census of the land of Israel, between Gilead and Dan-jaan (2 Samuel 24:6). Furst (Handwö rterb. 1, 380) proposes to separate the "Land of the Tachtim" from "Hodshi." and to read the latter as Haishi-the people of Harosheth (comp. Judges 4:2). Thenius restores the text of the Sept. to read "the Land of Bashan, which is Edrei." This in itself is feasible, although it is certainly very difficult to connect it with the Hebrew. Ewald (Gesch. 3, 207) proposes to read Hermon for Hodshi; and Gesenius (Thesaur. p. 450 a) dismisses the passage with a vix pro sano habendum. There is a district called the Ard et-Tahta, to the east-northeast of Damascus, which recalls the old name-but there is nothing to show that any Israelite was living so far from the Holy Land in the time of David. It seems probable from the connection that the whole, is a proper name, descriptive, however, of the physical aspect of the region to which it was given. The route taken by the king's messengers was first eastward to Moab; then northward through Gilead; then from Gilead to "the land of Tahtim-Hodshi," to Danjaan and Zidon. "The land of Tahtim-Hodshi" was thus manifestly a section of the upper valley of the Jordan, probably that now called Ard el-Hluleh, lying deep down at the western base of Hermon.

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Tahrea'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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