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Bible Encyclopedias

The Catholic Encyclopedia

Ecclesiastical Dignitary

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An Ecclesiastical Dignitary is a member of a chapter, cathedral or collegiate, possessed not only of a foremost place, but also of a certain jurisdiction. These dignitates , as they are called, are usually the provost and the dean (see those articles), sometimes also the custos and the scholasticus . Their nomination and canonical institution, to a great extent reserved to the pope, are governed partly by common ecclesiastical law, partly by special legislation (e. g. concordats) and custom. The dignitates of a chapter differ from the personatus , inasmuch as the latter officers have merely a fixed right of precedence, and again from the officia (e. g. canon theologian, canon penitentiary), inasmuch as these places imply only an administrative charge or duty (see PERSON, ECCLESIASTICAL; CANON; CHAPTER).

WERNZ, Jus Decretalium, II, n. 780 sqq.; LAURENTITIS, Inst. Juris Eccl. (Freiburg, 1903), n. 255; SÄGMÜLLER, Kirchenrecht (Freiburg, 1902), s. v. Dignitas; HILGENREINER, in BUCHBERGER, Kirchl. Handlexikon (Munich, 1907), s. v. Domkapitel .

THOMAS J. SHAHAN.

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Bibliography Information
Obstat, Nihil. Lafort, Remy, Censor. Entry for 'Ecclesiastical Dignitary'. The Catholic Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/tce/e/ecclesiastical-dignitary.html. Robert Appleton Company. New York. 1914.

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