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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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The name of a number of Spanish- and Portuguese-Jewish (Sephardic) families in Amsterdam and London. The first person to assume it was the Marano Francisco Nuñ ez Pereyra, who fled from Spain through dread of the Inquisition at the beginning of the seventeenth century and settled in Amsterdam, where he married his cousin Justa Pereyra. The children born of this marriage died, and, their death being attributed by his wife to the fact that he had not been received into the Covenant of Abraham, they separated until that rite was performed. He took the name David Abendana, and was one of the founders of the first synagogue in Amsterdam. He died Feb. 14,1625. He left two sons, Manuel and Abraham. Manuel was ḥ akam of the Amsterdam congregation and died June 15,1667, having contributed much to the spiritual edification of his brethren. Besides those mentioned below, the names of other members of the Abendana family will be found in the lists at the end of D. H. de Castro, "De Synagogue de Portugeesch-Israelietisch Gemeente te Amsterdam, 1875." There is a modern Spanish name "Abendann" ("Jew. Quart. Rev." 10:520).

Seal of the Abendana Family.
(From the Archives of the Amsterdam Portuguese Congregation.)

A proofreader in Amsterdam about 1726-30.

A member of the Talmudic academy ' Eẓ Ḥ ayyim in Amsterdam in 1751.

A brother of Jacob and Isaac Abendana, and author of an apologetic work dedicated to Isaac Levi Ximenes, bearing the title, "Respuesta á las Proposiciones de uno que Siendo de la Nacion Judaica por se Mostrar tan Cató lico Cristiano" (Manuscript in the Stadtbibliothek at Hamburg).

Ḥ akam of the Portuguese community in Amsterdam, where he died at the great age of one hundred years, April 5,1760. He published "Sermã o Exhortatoria," Amsterdam, 1753. He was at the head of the Talmudical academy ' Eẓ Ḥ ayyim, known in Spanish as Á rbol de las Vidas. Assisted by his colleagues, Solomon Ayllon and David Israel Athias , and by his successors, Solomon Salem and David Cohen d' Azevedo , he took part in the preparation of a collection of rabbinical decisions, which appeared in nine volumes published in Amsterdam in 1732,1733, under the title "Peri ' Eẓ Ḥ ayyim" (Fruits of the Tree of Life).

Bibliography : Monatsschrift , 9:34 Kayserling, in Rev. É t. Juives , 13:272 idem, in Steinschneider-Festschrift , pp. 89,90.M. K.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Abendana'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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