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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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An old Canaanitish capital in western Judah (Genesis 38:1 Joshua 12:15 , 15:35 ). It was fortified by Rehoboam (2Chronicles 11:7 ), and was an inhabited city till the end of Old Testament times (Micah 1:15 Nehemiah 11:30 2Maccabees 12:38 ). The modern Id-el-Miyeh now occupies its site.

The famous Cave of Adullam was a resort of David when an outlaw ( 1Samuel 22:1 2Samuel 23:13 ). Tradition has located it in the valley of Kharaitun, six miles southeast of Bethlehem. However, the locality mentioned above will suit the early history of David just as well, especially as it is probable that the word "cave" rests upon a false reading of the original and should be replaced by "stronghold." In later times Judas Maccabeus visited the city of Adullam (2Maccabees 12:38 ).

Bibliography : Clermont-Ganneau, Pal. Explor. Fund, Quart. Statement , 1875, p. 177 Smith, Historical Geography of the Holy Land , pp. 229 et seq. Baedeker, Pal. , 2d ed., p. 133.J. F. McC.
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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Adullam'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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