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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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A pointed weapon to be thrown by the hand a javelin or light spear. The English version uses "dart" as an equivalent for five Hebrew words: (1) "Ḥ eẓ ," which should be rendered "arrow" (compare the Assyrian "uṣ ṣ u" and the Phenician ). (2) "Massa' ," given in the list of weapons which of necessity must prove ineffective in the struggle with the leviathan (Job 41:26 ). In the same connection is found (3) "totaḥ ," and from the words "counted as stubble," a weapon with a shaft can be inferred (Job 41:18 ). (4) "Shebeṭ ": with three of these Joab smote Absalom (2Samuel 18:14 ). The most usual form is (5) "shelaḥ ." This the workers on the Temple wall under Nehemiah constantly had with them (Nehemiah 4:11 ). Hezekiah provided them in abundance for the defense of the Temple (2Chronicles 32:5 ). The men under Jehoiada were armed with them (2Chronicles 23:10 ). Darts were used in sieges (I Macc. 6:51), and it may be that the reference here is to darts used to carry fire into the works and the city of the enemy. The New Testament speaks of the "fiery darts of the wicked" (Ephesians 6:16 ).

E. G. H. G. B. L.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Dart'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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