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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Elijah be'er (Fonte) b. Shabbethai

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Italian physician born in Germany at the end of the fourteenth century. He settled in Italy, where the Senate accorded him citizen's rights in Viterbo, and, in 1405, in Rome confirmed by Pope Innocent VII. Feb. 6, 1406. He was exempted from toll, from forced service, and from wearing the Jewish garb, and was allowed to carry arms. Pope Martin V. made him his private physician, which position he retained under Martin's successor, Eugene IV., who (1433) confirmed his citizenship and pension. Elijah was among those who signed (Dec., 1443) an agreement between the pope and the Italian Jews concerning their religious freedom.

Bibliography : Vogelstein and Rieger, Gesch. der Juden in Rom , 1:320 et seq. , 2:6 et seq. Zunz, G. S. 3:92, 173 Stern, Urkundliche Beiträ ge , pp. 25, 45 Berliner, Gesch. der Juden in Rom , ii., part i., p. 121.G. M. Sel.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Elijah be'er (Fonte) b. Shabbethai'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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