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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Leven, Manuel

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French physician born in 1831. He studied in Paris at the Lycé e Henri IV., and in 1851 entered the Institut Agronomique at Versailles. In the following year this institution was suppressed on suspicion of republicanism, and Leven, while lecturing on science at the Lycé e Bonaparte, began his medical studies (M.D. 1860 his thesis, "Rapports de l' Idiotie et du Cré tinisme," gained a gold medal from the Socié t´ Mé dicopsychologique of Paris). In 1863 he was appointed physician to the Compagnie du Chemin de Fer du Nord, and in 1870-71 was ambulance-surgeon of the ninth arrondissement of Paris and of the Bataillon du Chemin de Fer du Nord, receiving the military ribbon of the Legion of Honor in 1871. From 1871 to 1878 he was a member of the Board of Health of Paris, and from 1873 to 1889 head physician of the Hô pital Rothschild. Leven is especially noteworthy for his work in gastric pathology. He is the author of "Traité des Maladies de l' Estomac," 1879 "L' Hygiè ne des Israé lites," 1883 "Estomac et Cerveau," 1884 "La Né vrose," 1887 "Systè me Nerveux et Maladies," 1893 and "La Vie, l' Ame, et la Maladie," 1902.

Leven is known also as a philanthropist. Together with Eugè ne Manuel he founded, in 1848, the first night-school for Jewish apprentices, which developed into a manual-training school and he has been the president of its administrative council since 1879. He is also one of the founders of the Alliance Israé lite Universelle, vice-president of the Comité des Ecoles Israé lites, member of the Comité de Refuge du Plessis-Piquet (an agricultural school), and chevalier of the Order of Isabella the Catholic.

S. J. Ka.

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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Leven, Manuel'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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