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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia

Quirinius, p. Sulpicius

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Roman governor of Syria about 6 C.E. , with whose name are associated events and problems of great importance. After the banishment of Archelaus in the year 6, a date confirmed by Dio Cassius (lv:27), Judea came under the direct administration of the Romans, and was incorporated with the province of Syria. It thus becomes clear why the emperor Augustus should have ordered the ex-consul Quirinius (Greek, Κ υ ρ ή ν ι ο ς ) to Syria to levy an assessment (Josephus, "Ant." 17:13, § 5). At the same time Coponius was sent as procurator of Judea but Quirinius went thither also, since the levying of the tax on the entire province was his special duty ( ib. 18:1, § 1).

The assessment caused great dissatisfaction among the Jews (ib. ), and open revolt was prevented only by the efforts of the high priest Joazar (ib. 2, § 1). The levying of this assessment resulted, moreover, in the revolt of Judas the Galilean and in the formation of the party of the Zealots (Josephus, "B. J." 7:8, § 1 Lucas, in Acts 5:37 ). Josephus mentions the assessment in another passage also ("Ant." 20:5, § 2).

Bibliography : The literature is given in Schü rer, Gesch. 3d ed., 1:508-543, the following works being especially important: T. Mommsen, Res Gestœ Divi Augusti , 1st ed., p. 121 (2d ed., pp. 175 et seq. ) Keim, Gesch. Jesu , 3d ed., pp. 101 et seq. , Zurich, 1873 Strauss, Das Leben Jesu , 11th ed., 1:57, 2:24, Bonn, 1895 Edersheim, Life of Jesus the Messiah , 1:182, London 1883 Haverfield, in The Classical Review , 1900.S. S. Kr.

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Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'Quirinius, p. Sulpicius'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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