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Bible Encyclopedias

The 1901 Jewish Encyclopedia


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Until the time of Maḥ mud II., the title of the presiding officer or head of a community in Egypt. Each Judæ o-Egyptian community had its own ra' is, who was recognized by the calif and who exercised both spiritual and judicial functions, being empowered to appoint or confirm the president and ḥ azzan, and to inflict punishment for crime. This official, who was termed "nagid" by the Jews, received a regular salary from the community, in addition to fees for executing legal papers. The office is said to have been introduced into Jewish communities by the daughter of a calif of Bagdad. Maimonides is called ra' is by all of the Arabic historians who mention him. See Egypt .

Bibliography : Grä tz, Gesch. 6:258. 302. J. S. O.

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Bibliography Information
Singer, Isidore, Ph.D, Projector and Managing Editor. Entry for 'ra'is'. 1901 The Jewish Encyclopedia. 1901.

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