Historical Writings

Today in Christian History

Wednesday, January 23

The Union of Utrecht joins several Dutch states against oppressive Spain.
The Moscow Patriarchate is created, making the Russian Church autocephalous, that is, subject to no higher bishop. However, there are some details regarding precedence and signatures that will not be ironed out for about four years. In practice, the Russian church had been independent for one hundred and forty years before the Orthodox Church of Constantinople formally recognizes the de facto situation.
Blaise Pascal publishes his first Provinical Letter, weighing in on the French controvery between Jansenists and Roman Catholics.
Lutheran missionary Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg engages in a dialogue about religion with Tamil-speaking Hindus at Tranquebar, India. A Hindu argues that since God made the world, he made its religions; therefore each is a path to God. Ziegenbalg responds that since the religions contradict each other, only one can be from God; the rest are from Satan.
Father John Carroll establishes Georgetown College which will become Georgetown University.
Death of Julius Hare, archdeacon of Lewes, one of Queen Victoria's chaplains and the author of several influential theological and polemical works, including Vindication of Luther against his Recent English Assailants (1854).
In an early example of parachurch activity, representatives of a number of Protestant men's movements meet in Chicago to federate in a loose coalition for mutual information and for co-operation. Among the participating organizations are the Young Men's Christian Association and the Brotherhood of St. Andrew, as well as Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, and Congregational brotherhoods.
British biblical expositor Arthur W. Pink wrote in a letter: 'Growth in grace is like the growth of a cow's tail - the more it truly grows, the closer to the ground it is brought.'
The New Tribes Mission was incorporated in Los Angeles by founder Paul W. Fleming. NTM works today primarily in missionary aviation, Bible translation, church planting and the production and distribution of Christian literature.
Polish Communists take over the offices of Caritas, a Roman Catholic humanitarian agency, hoping to reduce the influence of the Roman Catholic Church.

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© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"