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Today in Christian History
Tommaso Parentucelli is elected pope, and takes the name Nicholas V. Nicholas, a great lover of literature and the arts, will exert much effort to improve Rome as a fitting home for a great Christian civilization. He will grant a charter for the University of Glasgow, Scotland. His Concordat of Vienna will secure the papacy the right to control benefices and sees.
Philip III, King of Spain, issues the Cedula Magna (Great Decree) that says Indians should be as free as Spaniards. Under this and other decrees, Jesuits work among the Indians of Brazil and Paraguay to protect and train Indians.
In Germany, the Edict of Restitution ordered that all church property secularized since 1552 be restored to the Roman Catholic Church.
Pope Urban VIII forbids the reading of Augustinus, a Jansenist book.
English founder of Methodism John Wesley wrote in a letter: 'There is a wonderful mystery in the manner and circumstances of that mighty working, whereby God subdues all things to himself, and leaves nothing in the heart but his pure love alone.'
Amy Carmichael, serving as a missionary in India, shelters her first temple runaway, a young girl dedicated to the Hindu gods and forced into prostitution to earn money for the priests.
Death at Battle Creek, Michigan, of Uriah Smith, a prominent author, pastor, educator, and editor in the early Seventh-day Adventist Church. He wrote Thoughts on Daniel and the Revelation that represents their prophetic views, edited their Review and Herald, and helped found Battle Creek College, where he taught Bible classes. Some of his writings included anti-trinitarian views.
Death in Peoria, Illinois, of hymnwriter Julia Harriette Johnston who had directed a Presbyterian Sunday school for forty years and written a book of missionary lives. Her best-known hymn was the popular "Grace Greater than Our Sin."
Death of Lutheran pastor Martin Niemoller, a founder of Germany's Confessing Church and an opponent of the Nazis, who imprisoned him for many years.
Death in Ghana of Solomon Enoch Yaw Opam, a Seventh Day Adventist leader, who had rejected kingship when his people tried to force him to assume the throne. He said "My kingdom is not of this earth." He had been a pastor, educator, translator, and evangelist among his people.
© 1987-2020, William D. Blake. Portions used by permission of the author, from "Almanac of the Christian Church"