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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#150 - αἰσχρός

Transliteration
aischrós
Phonetics
ahee-skhros'
Origin
from the same as (G153)
Parts of Speech
Adjective
TDNT
1:189,29
Definition
  1. filthy, baseness, dishonour
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

αἰσχρός, ά, όν, also ός, όν APl. 4.151: (αἶσχος):

I in Hom., causing shame, dishonouring, reproachful, νείκεσσεν.. αἰσχροῖς ἐπέεσσιν Il. 3.38, etc. Adv. αἰσχρῶς, ἐνένισπεν 23.473.

II opp. καλός:

1 of outward appearance, ugly, ill-favoured, of Thersites, Il. 2.216, cf. h.Ap. 197, Hdt. 1.196 (Comp.), etc.; deformed, Hp. Art. 14 (Sup.); αἰσχρῶς χωλός with an ugly lameness, ib. 63: but commonly,

2. in moral sense, shameful, base, Hdt. 3.155, A. Th. 685, etc.; αἰσχροῖς γὰρ αἰσχρὰ πράγματ' ἐκδιδάσκεται S. El. 621; αἰσχρόν [ἐστι], c. inf., Il. 2.298, S. Aj. 473, etc.; αἰσχρόν, εἰ πύθοιτό τις ib. 1159; ἐν αἰσχρῷ θέσθαι τι E. Hec. 806; ἐπ' αἰσχροῖς on the ground of base actions, S. Fr. 188, E. Hipp. 511: — τὸ αἰ. as Subst., dishonour, S. Ph. 476; τὸ ἐμὸν αἰ. my disgrace, And. 2.9; τὸ καλὸν καὶ τὸ αἰ. virtue and vice, Arist. Rh. 1366a24, etc. Adv., shamefully, S. El. 989, Pl. Smp. 183d, etc.: Sup. αἴσχιστα A. Pr. 959, S. OT 367.

3. ill-suited, αἰ. ὁ καιρός D. 18.178; αἰ. πρός τι awkward at it, X. Mem. 3.8.7; αἰσχρὸν καὶ ἄτεχνον Hp. Fract. 30.

III Regul. Comp. and Sup. -ότερος, -ότατος are late, Phld. Rh. 2.58S. (prob.), Ath. 13.587b: elsewh. αἰσχίων, αἴσχιστος (formed from a Root αἰσχο-), Il. 21.437, 2.216; double Sup. αἰσχιστότατος Olymp. in Alc. p.124 C. Adv., Sup. αἰσχίστως Mnasalc. ap. Ath. 4.163a, Man. 1.21.

αἰσχρός , - , -όν

(<αἶσχος , shore, disgrace),

[in LXX: Genesis 4:13 ff. (H7451), Judith 12:12, al.;]

base, shameful: 1 Corinthians 11:6; 1 Corinthians 14:35, Ephesians 5:12, Titus 1:11 (MM, VGT, s.v.).†


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

BGU IV. 1024 vii. 20 (ii/iii A.D.), where a judge says to a scoundrel ἀπέσφα [ξ ]ας γυναῖκα, Διόδιμε, αἰσχρῶς, P Tebt I. 24.99 (B.C. 117) αἰ ]σχρά without context, ib. II. 276.4 (ii/iii A.D.—an astrological work) ἀπὸ αἰσχρᾶς περιστά [σεως ?] ";an unfavourable position."; The word is not common, and is peculiar to Paul in NT.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αισχρον αἰσχρόν αἰσχρὸν αισχρου αἰσχροῦ aischron aischrón aischròn aischrou aischroû
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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