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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#466 - ἀνταναπληρόω
- to fill up in turn
- in Colossians 1:24, the meaning is, 'what is wanting in the afflictions of Christ to be borne by me, that I supply in order to repay the benefits which Christ conferred on me by filling up the measure of the afflictions laid upon me'.
fill up, τὴν θέσιν τοῦ ὀνόματος A.D. Synt. 14.1; τὰ ὑστερήματα τῶν θλίψεων τοῦ Χριστοῦ Colossians 1:24; ἀ. πρὸς τὸν εὐπορώτατον ἀεὶ τοὺς ἀπορωτάτους put in the poorest so as to balance the richest, D. 14.17.
* ἀντ -ανα -πληρόω , -ῶ
(ἀντί , ἀναπληρόω ),
to fill up in turn: Colossians 1:24 (v. Lft., in l; MM, VGT, s.v.).†
With this expressive compound (Colossians 1:24) cf. the similarly formed ἀνταναγινώσκω in the fragmentary P Petr II. 17 (l).16, where with reference apparently to certain ἐγκλήματα we read, ἀνταναγνώσθη μοι καθότι ἀξιῶ. Its opposite ἀνταναιρέω is common in Ptolemaic land-surveys = ";subtract";. In P Tebt I. alone there are over twenty instances of this use (see Index) : cf. also P Eleph 28.6 (iii/B.C.), and from i/A.D. BGU III. 776ii. 18 αἱ εἰς ἀτέλ (ειαν) ἀνταναιρ [ούμεναι. . . . Grimm’s citations sufficiently warrant ἀνταναπληρόω itself. Linde (p. 49) cites the noun (-ωσις) from Epicurus 11.5.
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