Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#74 - ἀγωνία

from (G73)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
  1. a struggle for victory
    1. gymnastic exercise, wrestling
  2. of severe mental struggles and emotions, agony, anguish
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


ἀγων-ία, ἡ, contest, struggle for victory, ἀγὼν διὰ πάσης ἀγωνίης ἔχων Hdt. 2.91; πολεμίων ἀ. E. Hec. 314, cf. Tr. 1003; esp. in games, Pi. O. 2.52, P. 5.113: also in Prose, ἐν δημοτικῇ ἀ. X. Cyr. 2.3.15; ἅπασαν ἀ. ἐκτεἶναι [ D. ] 60.30, etc.

2. gymnastic exercise, Hp. Art. 11, Pl. Men. 94b, Lg. 765c, etc.: generally, exercise, Id. Grg. 456d sq., R. 618b.

3. of the mind, agony, anguish, ἐν φόβῳ καὶ πολλῇ ἀ. D. 18.33, cf. Men. 534.12 (pl.), Arist. Pr. 869b6; ἐν τοῖς τῆς ψυχῆς φόβοις, ἐλπίσιν, ἀγωνίαις Id. Spir. 483a5; cf. Chrysipp.Stoic. 2.248, al., Phld. Ir. p 56 W. (pl.), Nic.Dam. Vit. Caes. 9.

** ἀγωνία -ας ,

(<ἀγών ),

[in LXX: 2 Maccabees 3:14; 2 Maccabees 3:16; 2 Maccabees 15:10 *;]

1. a contest, wrestling (Eur., Xen.).

2. Of the mind, great fear, agony, anguish (Dem., Arist.): Luke 22:44 (cf. Field, Notes, 77 f.; Abbott, Essays, 101 f.; MM, VGT, s.v.).†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Tebt II. 423.13 f. (early iii/A.D.) ὡς εἰς ἀγωνίαν με γενέσθαι ἐν τῷ πάροντι, ";so I am at present very anxious"; (Edd.). The corresponding verb is common with the meaning ";to be distressed,"; ";to fear."; Thus P Petr II. 11 (1) ἵνα εἰδῶμεν ἐν οἷς εἶ καὶ μὴ ἀγωνιῶμεν, ";that we may know what you are about, and we may not be anxious"; (Ed.); ib. III. 53 (l).15 f. οὐ γὰρ ὡς ἔτυχεν ἀγωνιῶμεν, ";for we are in a state of no ordinary anxiety"; (Edd.); P Oxy IV. 744.4 (B.C. 1) ( = Selections, p. 32), μὴ ἀγωνιᾷς, ";do not worry";; ib..14 ἐρωτῶ σε οὖν ἵνα μὴ ἀγωνιάσῃς, ";I urge you therefore not to worry."; An almost contemporary instance is afforded by BGU IV. 1078.5 (A.D. 39) ὅτι ἀγωνιῶ περὶ ὑμῶν : of a later date are P Giss I. 17.5,12 (time of Hadrian), ib. 19.3 μεγάλως ἀγωνιῶσα περί σου, PSI 94.16 (ii/A.D.) μὴ ἀγωνία δὲ περὶ τῶν ἱματίων. The verb is found twice in the apocryphal Gospel of Peter 5, ἠγωνίων μή ποτε ὁ ἥλιος ἔδυ, and 10 ἀγωνιῶντες μεγάλως καὶ λέγοντες Ἀληθῶς υἱὸς ἦν θεοῦ. On the translation of ἀγωνία in Luke 22:44 see a note by Moffatt in Exp. VIII. vii. p. 91 ff.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγωνια αγωνία ἀγωνίᾳ agonia agōnia agoníāi agōníāi
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…