Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#848 - αὑτοῦ

contracted for (G1438)
Parts of Speech
  1. of himself, themself, them
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Att. contr. for ἑαυτοῦ G1438.

αὑτοῦ , -ῆς , -οῦ ,

= ἑαυτοῦ G1438 (q.v.), Matthew 6:34, Luke 12:17, al. (MM, s.v.).

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

How far this form is to be recognized in the sense of ἑαυτοῦ has been much debated : see the older literature in Grimm-Thayer. It is not a priori likely to be common. Meisterhans, Gr. p. 154, estimates that between B.C. 300 and 30 ἑαυτοῦ outnumbers αὑτοῦ in Attica by 100 : 7. But Mayser, Gr. p. 305, makes αὑτοῦ three times as common as ἑαυτοῦ in iii/B.C. papyri (that is, those published before 1906, therefore excluding P Hib and many other Ptolemaic documents) : in ii/B.C. the proportion is reversed, and in i/B.C. ἑαυτοῦ stands alone. Mayser’s analysis of the documents—official, private letters, inscriptions, etc.—may also be noted. The fact emerges very clearly that both σαυτοῦ and αὑτοῦ have a certain place during the earlier Ptolemaic period, αὑτοῦ being certified by syntactical necessity or by ἀφ᾽ , μεθ᾽ etc., preceding. That in Egypt αὑτοῦ passed out of use is seen from later papyri : Moulton Einleitung, p. 139, mentions P Tebt II. 303.7 (A.D. 176–80) τῶν ϛ ̄ δι᾽ αὑτῶν ἱερέων (";independent";—Edd.) as the only quotable instance up to date (1910). ";Outside Egypt, however, instances are not altogether wanting. Thus Syll 371.15 (Magnesia, i/A.D.) ὑφ᾽ αὑτοῦ (see however Nachmanson, p. 84), 567.6 (Lindos, ii/A.D.) μηδὲν αὑτοῖς δεινὸν συνειδότας . Dieterich, Untersuch. p. 46, gives some inscriptional exx. of the vulgar ἁτοῦ (see op. cit. p. 78, and above p. 69 [= Proleg. p. 47], which show the occasional survival of forms without ε ."; It may be added that some nine exx. of αὑτοῦ appear in the index of Priene, against about three times as many of ἑαυτοῦ . A good instance may be cited from Kaibel 716.5, the epitaph of a young man (Rome), φίλονς ὑπὲρ ἁτὸν ἐτίμα . The progressive weakening of h would make the clearer form preferable. It is further suggested that the existence of αὑτοῦ in LXX (Thackeray Gr. p. 190), though far less common than ἑαυτοῦ , might help to produce occasional revivals of the obsolete form. We certainly cannot do violence to the sense by forcing αὐτοῦ into places where a reflexive is needed : it would be less objectionable to read ἑαυτοῦ , assuming αὑτοῦ due to some would-be Atticist scribe. See further Kennedy’s note, EGT III. p. 464, which sums up in favour of a minimum admittance of αὑτοῦ .



The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αυτην αὐτὴν αὑτὴν αυτης αὑτῆς αυτοις αὑτοῖς αυτον αὐτὸν αὑτὸν αυτους αὐτούς αὐτοὺς αὑτούς αὑτοὺς αυτω αὐτῷ αὑτῷ αυτων αὑτῶν ἑαυτῆς ἑαυτοῖς ἑαυτὸν ἑαυτῷ ἑαυτῶν auten autēn auto autō auton autous eautes eautēs eauto eautō eautois eauton eautōn hauten hautēn hautḕn hauto hautō hautôi hautō̂i hauton hautòn hautous hautoús hautoùs heautes heautês heautēs heautē̂s heauto heautō heautôi heautō̂i heautois heautoîs heauton heautòn heautôn heautōn heautō̂n
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
Search for…
Prev Entry