Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#560 - ἀπελπίζω

from (G575) and (G1679)
Parts of Speech
  1. nothing despairing
  2. despairing of no one
  3. causing no one to despair
Strong #: 34 ‑ אֶבְיוֹן (eb‑yone');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Att. fut. -ιῶ D.S. 19.50: pf. -ήλπικα: —


1. despair of, τῆς πόλεως τὴν σωτηρίαν Hyp. Ath. 35; τὸ μέλλον Epicur. Ep 3.62U.; πράξεις Plb. 1.19.12, etc.: Pass., to be given up in despair, τὰ πράγματα Id. 10.6.10; of persons, to be despaired of, οἱ ἀπηλπισμένοι LXX Isaiah 29:19, cf. Plb. 9.5.2; ὑπὸ τῶν ἰατρῶν D.S. 1.25, D.L. 8.69, cf. IG 14.966 (ἀφηλπ-).

2. ἀ. τινός despair of, Plb. 1.55.2, al.; οὐκ ἀ. τινός to be confident of, Gal. 8.365; περὶ τῆς νίκης D.S. 2.25.

3. abs., hope that a thing will not happen, D.L. 1.59.

II causal, drive to despair, τινά AP 11.114 (Nicarch.).

III hope to receive back, μηδὲν (v.l. μηδένα) ἀπελπίζοντες Luke 6:35 (dub.).

ἀπ -ελπίζω ,

[in LXX: Isaiah 29:19 (H34), Judith 9:11, Ezra 4:17, Sirach 22:21; Sirach 27:21, 2 Maccabees 9:18*;]

1. to give up in despair, despair of (Polyb., Diod., LXX).

2. to hope to receive from or in return (Field, Notes, 59; Cremer, 712; Soph., Lex., s.v.): c. acc (M; Pr., 65; MM, s.v.), Luke 6:35.†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

This late compound generally takes the acc. instead of the natural gen., as in Luke 6:35 if we read μηδένα with א W etc., and the Lewis Syriac : see Proleg. p. 65. The passive is found Syll 8o7.10 (ii/A.D.) αἷμα ἀναφέροντι. . . ἀφηλπισμένῳ ὑπὸ παντὸς ἀνθρώπου, the ";faith-cure"; of a man who had been ";given up."; (For the φ, which occurs in Lk l.c. DP, and twice in this inscription, see Proleg. p. 44.) The editor restores the verb in OGIS 194.20 (i/B.C.) ὥσπερ λαμπρὸς ἀστὴρ καὶ δαίμων ἀγαθ [ὸς τοῖς ἀπελπίζουσι ]ν ἐπέλαμψε. There is a good collection of instances from literature in Linde Epicurus p. 31 f., beginning with Hyperides. His passage from Epicurus himself is worth quoting : 62.6 τὸ μέλλον. . . μήτε. . προσμένωμεν ὡς ἐσόμενον μήτε ἀπελπίζωμεν ὡς πάντως οὐκ ἐσόμενον. It survives in MGr.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απελπιζοντες απελπίζοντες ἀπελπίζοντες απηλπισμέννοι apelpizontes apelpízontes
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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