Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#915 - βάρβαρος

of uncertain derivation
Parts of Speech
  1. one whose speech is rude, rough and harsh
  2. one who speaks a foreign or strange language which is not understood by another
  3. used by the Greeks of any foreigner ignorant of the Greek language, whether mental or moral, with the added notion after the Persian war, of rudeness and brutality. The word is used in the N.T. without the idea of reproachfulness.
Strong #: 1198 ‑ בַּעַר (bah'‑ar);  3937 ‑ לָעַז (law‑az');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

βάρβᾰρος, ον,


1. barbarous, i.e. non-Greek, foreign, not in Hom. (but cf. βαρβαρόφωνος) ; β. ψυχαί Heraclit. 107; esp. as Subst. βάρβαροι, οἱ, originally all non-Greek-speaking peoples, then specially of the Medes and Persians, A. Pers. 255, Hdt. 1.58, etc.: generally, opp. Ἕλληνες, Pl. Plt. 262d, cf. Th. 1.3, Arist. Pol. 1252b5, Str. 14.2.28; βαρβάρων Ἕλληνας ἄρχειν εἰκός E. IA 1400; β. καὶ δοῦλον ταὐτὸ φύσει Arist. Pol. 1252b9; οἱ β. δουλικώτεροι τὰ ἤθη φύσει τῶν Ἑλλήνων ib. 1285a20; β. πόλεμον war with the barbarians, Th. 2.36 codd.; ἡ βάρβαρος (sc. γῆ), opp. αἱ Ἑλληνίδες πόλεις, Th. 2.97, cf. A. Pers. 187, X. An. 5.5.16. Adv. -ρως, opp. Ἑλληνικῶς, Porph. Abst. 3.3.

2. esp. of language, φωνὴ β. A. Ag. 1051, Pl. Prt. 341c; γλῶσσα β. S. Aj. 1263, cf. Hdt. 2.57, Str. l. c. supr., etc.; συλλραφαί Hippias 6 D.; of birds, Ar. Av. 199. Adv., βαρβάρως, ὠνόμασται have foreign names, Str. 10.3.17.

3. Gramm., of bad Greek, Gell. 5.20.5; τὸ β., of style, opp. Ἑλληνικόν, S.E. M. 1.64.

II after the Persian war, brutal, rude, ἀμαθὴς καὶ β. Ar. Nu. 492; τὸ τῆς φύσεως β. καὶ θεοῖς ἐχθρόν D. 21.150; σκαιὸς καὶ β. τὸν τρόπον Id. 26.17; β. ἀνηλεής τε Men. Epit. 477: Comp. -ώτερος X. Ephesians 2:4 : Sup., πάντων βαρβαρώτατος θεῶν Ar. Av. 1573, cf. Th. 8.98, X. An. 5.4.34.

III used by Jews of Greeks, LXX 2 Maccabees 2:21. name for various plasters, Androm. and Herasap. Gal. 13.555. (Onomatopoeic acc. to Str. 14.2.28.)

βάρβαρος , -ον

(prob. onomatop., descriptive of unintelligible sounds),

[in LXX: Psalms 114:1 (H3937), Ezekiel 21:31 (H1198) 2 Maccabees 2:21; 2 Maccabees 4:25; 2 Maccabees 10:4, 3 Maccabees 3:24 *;] barbarous, barbarian, strange to Greek language and culture (and also, after the Persian war, with the added sense of brutal, rude): Acts 28:2; Acts 28:4, Romans 1:14, 1 Corinthians 14:11, Colossians 3:11 (v. Lft., in l, and Notes, 249).†

List of Word Forms
βαρβαροι βάρβαροι βαρβαροις βαρβάροις βαρβαρος βάρβαρος βαρβάρου βαρβάρων barbaroi bárbaroi barbarois barbárois barbaros bárbaros
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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