Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#032 - ἄγγελος

Transliteration
ángelos
Phonetics
ang'-el-os
Origin
from aggello [probably derived from (G71), cf (G34)] (to bring tidings)
Parts of Speech
Noun Masculine
TDNT
1:74,12
Definition
  1. a messenger, envoy, one who is sent, an angel, a messenger from God
Strong #: 46 ‑ אָבִיר (aw‑beer');  410 ‑ אֵל (ale);  426 ‑ אֱלָהּ (el‑aw');  582 ‑ אֱנוֹשׁ (en‑oshe');  1121 ‑ בֵּן (bane);  2719 ‑ חֶרֶב (kheh'‑reb);  3027 ‑ יָד (yawd);  4397 ‑ מַלְאָךְ (mal‑awk');  4397 ‑ מַלְאָךְ (mal‑awk');  4400 ‑ מַלְאָכוּת (mal‑ak‑ooth');  5650 ‑ עֶבֶד (eh'‑bed);  5678 ‑ עֶבְרָה (eb‑raw');  5892 ‑ עָיַר (eer, awr, aw‑yar');  6735 ‑ צִיר (tseer);  8269 ‑ שַׂר (sar);  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἄγγελος, ὁ, ἡ,

1. messenger, envoy, Il. 2.26, etc.; δι' ἀγγέλων ὁμιλέειν τινί Hdt. 5.92. ζ, cf. SIG 229.25 (Erythrae): prov., Ἀράβιος ἄ., of a loquacious person, Men. 32.

2. generally, one that announces or tells, e.g. of birds of augury, Il. 24.292, 296; Μουσῶν ἄγγελος, of a poet, Thgn. 769; ἄγγελε ἔαρος.. χελιδοῖ Simon. 74; ἄ. ἄφθογγος, of a beacon, Thgn. 549; of the nightingale, ὄρνις.. Διὸς ἄ. S. El. 149: c. gen. rei, ἄ. κακῶν ἐμῶν Id. Ant. 277; ἄγγελον γλῶσσαν λόγων E. Supp. 203; αἴσθησις ἡμῖν ἄ. Plot. 5.3.3; neut. pl., ἄγγελα νίκης Nonn. D. 34.226.

3. angel, LXX Genesis 28:12, al., Matthew 1:24, al., Ph. 2.604, etc.

4. in later philos., semi-divine being, ἡλιακοὶ ἄ. Jul. Or. 4.141b, cf. Iamb. Myst. 2.6, Procl. in R. 2.243 K.; ἄ. καὶ ἀρχάγγελοι Theol.Ar. 43.10, cf. Dam. Pr. 183, al.: also in mystical and magical writings, Herm. ap. Stob. 1.49.45, PMag.Lond. 46.121, etc.

II title of Artemis at Syracuse, Hsch.

ἄγγελος , -ον , ό ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4397;]

1. a messenger, one sent: Matthew 11:10, James 2:20.

2. As in LXX, in the special sense of angel, a spiritual, heavenly being, attendant upon God and employed as his messenger to men, to make known his purposes, as Luke 1:11, or to execute them, as Matthew 4:6. The . in Revelation 1:20 Revelation 2:1, al., is variously understood as

(1) a messenger or delegate,

(2) a bishop or ruler,

(3) a guardian angel,

(4) the prevailing spirit of each church, i.e. the Church itself. (Cf. Swete, Ap., in l; DB, iv, 991; Thayer, s.v.; Cremer, 18; MM, VGT, s.v.)

ἀγγέλλω

(ἄγγελος ),

[in LXX for נגד hi.;]

to announce, report: John 4:51 (WH R omit), John 20:18 (ΜΜ , VGT, s.v.).†


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In Syll 512.71, a dialect inscr. of ii/B.C. from Calymna, ἄγγελοι are envoys whose names are given. The word is used in the sense of ";intermediary"; (cf. Galatians 3:19) in Syll 122.25 (iv/B.C.) ὀμόσαι δ ]ι᾽ ἀγγέλων. For the presumably Christian ";angel"; inscriptions from Thera see Deissmann LAE, p. 279 with accompanying facsimile, and the paper ";It is his Angel"; (J. H. M.) in JTS 1902, p. 519 f. Add (from Crönert) IG XII. iii. 933. In Archiv iii. p. 445, No. 67, is published a Greek inscription from Assouan of the time of M. Aurelius, which begins—Μεγάλῃ τύχῃ τοῦ [θε ]ο ̣[. . . τ ]ῶν ἀνγέλων τῆς [ ]ε ̣ρεί [ας ] : cf. also p. 451 No. 94 (time of Diocletian), Ὑπὲρ εὐχῆς τῶν ἀνγέλων Ἐμεσηνοὶ ἀνέθηκαν κτλ. Οἱ ἄγγελοι θεοῦ, as in 1 Timothy 5:21, occurs in the extremely interesting Jewish inscription Syll 816.10 κύριε ὁ πάντα ἐ [φ ]ορῶν καὶ οἱ ἄνγελοι θεοῦ. Dittenberger assigns it to i/A.D. and yet apparently prefers to regard it as Christian : there does not, however, seem to be anything distinctive of Christianity—it is a Jewish prayer for vengeance upon unknown murderers : see Deissmann LAE, p. 423 ff. It is interesting to observe that the special meaning ";angel"; is apparently a reversion to the oldest signification, for in Homer the ἄγγελος is often a messenger of the gods. The two branches of the Aryan language-group diverge here. In Vedic Indian the An̄girasaḥ̯are ";higher beings intermediate between gods and men,"; as Macdonell rather tentatively concludes (Vedic Mythology, 143). In Persian angara (?—see on ἀγγαρεύω) is a human messenger. Perhaps both meanings coexisted in the corner of the Indo-Germanic area to which the word is restricted. See also Hatzidakis on ἄγγελος in Sitz. Ber. d. Wien. Akad. 1913, 2.

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγγελοι αγγελοί άγγελοι άγγελοί ἄγγελοι ἄγγελοί αγγελοις αγγέλοις ἀγγέλοις αγγελον άγγελον άγγελόν ἄγγελον ἄγγελόν αγγελος άγγελος άγγελός ἄγγελος ἄγγελός αγγελου αγγέλου ἀγγέλου αγγελους αγγέλους ἀγγέλους αγγελω αγγέλω ἀγγέλῳ αγγελων αγγελών αγγέλων ἀγγέλων άγγος angelo angelō angeloi angéloi angélōi ángeloi ángeloí angelois angélois angelon angelōn angélon angélōn ángelon ángelón angelos ángelos ángelós angelou angélou angelous angélous
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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