Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#661 - ἀποτίνω

Transliteration
apotínō
Phonetics
ap-ot-ee'-no
Origin
from (G575) and (G5099)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
None
Definition
  1. to pay off, repay
Strong #: 5414 ‑ נָתַן (naw‑than');  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  8003 ‑ שָׁלֵם (shaw‑lame');  8254 ‑ שָׁקַל (shaw‑kal');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀποτίνω,

Arc. ἀπυτείω IG 5(2).6.43 (Tegea, iv B.C.), fut. -τείσω: aor. -έτεισα; Thess. 3 sg. aor. imper. ἀππεισάτον ib.9(2).1229 (ii B.C.):

I

1. repay, τιμὴν δ' Ἀργείοις ἀποτινέμεν Il. 3.286; εὐεργεσίας ἀποτίνειν Od. 22.235.

2. pay for a thing, πρὶν.. μνηστῆρας ὑπερβασίην σίην ἀποτεῖσαι ib. 13.193; Πατρόκλοιο δ' ἕλωρα.. ἀποτείσῃ may atone for making a prey of Patroclus, Il. 18.93; σύν τε μεγάλψ ἀπέτεισαν made atonement with a great price, ib. 4.161; ἀ. αἷμα A. Ag. 1338 (lyr.); πληγὰς τῶν ὑπεραύχων S. Ant. 1352.

3. more freq., pay in full, τίσιν οὐκ ἀποτείσει Orac. ap. Hdt. 5.56, cf. 3.109; ζημίην Id. 2.65; ἀργύριον Ar. V. 1255; ἐγγύας Antipho 2.2.12, cf. 5.63; χρήματα Lys. 1.29; ἀξίαν Luc. DMort. 30.1; ἀπότεισον pay the wager! Ar. Pl. 1059; in Law παθεῖν ἢ ἀποτεῖσαι are opposed to denote personal or pecuniary penalties, e.g. Lexap. D. 21.47, cf. ib.25; τί ἄξιός εἰμι παθεῖν ἢ ἀ.; Pl. Ap. 36b, cf. Plt. 299a, Lg. 843b, al.

4. c. acc. pers., ἀλάστωρ.. τόνδ' ἀπέτεισεν made him the price, A. Ag. 1503 (lyr.).

5. τὸ πεπρωμένον ἀ. pay the debt of fate, i.e. die, Epigr.Gr. 509 (Thess.).

II Med., ἀποτίνομαι, poet. ἀποτίνῠμαι (freq. written -τίννυμαι) Il. 16.398, Hes. Op. 247 (s.v.l.), Thgn. 362, Hdt. 6.65: fut. -τείσομαι: —

1. to get paid one, exact or require a penalty from, πόλεων δ' ἀπετίνυτο ποινήν Il. 16.398, etc.: c. dupl. acc., ἀποτείσασθαι δίκην ἐχθρούς E. Heracl. 852; δέκα τάλαντ' ἀ. Eup. 317 (dub.), etc.

2. c. acc. pers., ἀποτείσασθαί τινα avenge oneself on another, punish him, Od. 5.24, X. Cyr. 5.4.35, etc.

3. c. acc. rei, take vengeance for a thing, punish it, εἴ κέ ποτέ σφι βίας ἀποτείσεται Od. 3.216, cf. 16.255; τὰ παράνομα.. θεὸς ἀ. Ar. Th. 684: c. gen. rei, ἀ. τῶν.. ἱρῶν κατακαυθέντων Hdt. 6.101, v. supr. 1.2: abs., take vengeance, Thgn. l.c., Song of Solomon 4:16. [ ἀποτίνω ] has by position before νϝ in , in Att. For ἀποτίνυμαι, which has by nature, ἀποτείνυμαι should perh. be read in early texts; cf. foreg.]

ἀπο -τίνω (or -τίω ),

[in LXX chiefly for H7760 pi.;]

to pay off, repay: Philemon 1:19 (MM, s.v.).†


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The verb is very common—P Petr I. 16 (2).13 (iii/B.C.) ἐὰν δὲ μὴ διαγράψω [καὶ ] μὴ παράσχωμαι τὸ λοιπὸν ἐμφανὲς ἀποτείσω ἡμιόλιον, P Par 13.14 (B.C. 157) ἀποτίνειν αὐτὸν τὴν φερνὴν παραχρῆμα σὺν τῇ ἡμιολίᾳ, P Oxy I. 101.43 (lease of land, A.D. 142) ὃ δ᾽αν προσοφειλέσῃ ὁ μεμισθωμένος ἀποτεισάτω μεθ᾽ ἡμιολίας, ib. IV. 730.26 (A.D. 130) al. In an interesting contract of apprenticeship, P Oxy II. 275.27 (A.D. 66) (= Selections, p. 57) the father comes under a ";forfeit"; for each day of his son’s absence from work— ̣[πο ]τεισάτω ἑκάσ [τ ]ης ἡμέρας ἀργυρίου [δρ ́]αχμὴν μίαν. The verb is thus stronger than ἀποδίδωμι, and carries with it the idea of repayment by way of punishment or fine (cf. Gradenwitz Einf. i. p. 85 n.4), a fact which lends emphasis to its use in Philemon 1:19. For the contrast between the two verbs, see P Gen I. 21.14 (ii/B.C.), as restored by Wilcken Archiv iii. p. 388, ἐὰν δὲ μὴ ἀποδῶι καθὰ γέγραπται, ἀποτε [ι ]σάτω [παραχ ]ρῆμα ἡμι [ ]λιον, cf. BGU I. 190.3 ff., 2nd fragment (Domitian), ἐὰν δὲ μὴ ἰσαποδῶι, ἀποτισάτωι παραχρῆμα μεθ᾽ ἡμιολία [ς ], and a similar use of προσαποτίσω in P Leid C.11.

From the inscriptions cf. Kaibel 509.2 where a certain physician of Nicaea records—πολ [λ ]ὴν θάλασσα [ν ] καὶ γαῖαν [π ]ερι [νο ]στήσας τὸ π [επρω ]μένον ὧδ᾽ [ἀπέ ]τεισα, i.e. ";I died here,"; Syll 737.97 (ii/A.D.) of an ἰόβακχος ";fined,"; etc. The word occurs in P Saïd Khan 1a. 26 (B.C. 88) ἐὰν [δὲ κ ]αὶ ὁ Γαθάκης ὀλιγωρήσῃ τὴν [ἄμπε ]λον καὶ μὴ ποιήσῃ αὐτη ̣̣[ν ] ε ̣͗παφον (?), ἀποτειννυέτω τὸ α [ὐτὸ ἐπί ]τειμον : Radermacher Gr. p. 81 n.2 mentions ζέννυμι for ζέω, and ἀποτίνυμι in Passio Scillitanorum 6.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αποτίσαι αποτισάτω αποτίσει αποτίσεις αποτίσεται αποτίσης αποτίσουσι αποτισω αποτίσω ἀποτίσω apotiso apotisō apotíso apotísō
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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