Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
#203 - ἀκροβυστία
- having the foreskin, uncircumcised
- a Gentile
- a condition in which the corrupt desires rooted in the flesh were not yet extinct
I foreskin, LXX Genesis 17:11, al., Ph. Fr. 49 H., Acts 11:3.
1. state of having the foreskin, uncircumcision, Romans 2:25, etc.
2. collect., the uncircumcised, Romans 2:26; Romans 3:30, etc. (Prob. from ἄκρος and a Semitic root, cf. Bab. buśtu 'pudenda', Heb. bôsheth 'shame': wrongly derived from ἄκρος, βύω by EM 53.48.)
† ἀκροβυστία , -ας , ή
(perh. an Alexandrian form of cl. ἀκροποσθία ; cf. MM, VGT, s.v.),
[in LXX for H6190;]
the prepuce, foreskin (LXX), hence abstr., uncircumcision: Acts 11:3, Romans 2:25-27; Romans 3:30; Romans 4:10-12, 1 Corinthians 7:18-19, Galatians 5:6; Galatians 6:15, Colossians 2:13; Colossians 3:11 By meton., the uncircumcised: Romans 4:9, Galatians 2:7, Ephesians 2:11.†
We have (naturally enough) no citations to illustrate this technical word of Jewish ritual, but a note on its formation might be given (from J. H. Moulton’s forthcoming Grammar of NT Greek, vol. II.) : "; Ἀκροποσθία, a normal descriptive cpd. from ἄκρος and πόσθη with a fresh suffix, is found in Hippocrates, and is obviously the original of the LXX word. When a word containing a vox obscaena was taken from medical vocabulary into popular religious speech, it was natural to disguise it : a rare word βύστρα = βύσμα may supply the model. ";
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Sixth Week after Easter