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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#50 - ἀγνοέω

from (G1) (as a negative particle) and (G3539)
Parts of Speech
  1. to be ignorant, not to know
  2. not to understand, unknown
  3. to err or sin through mistake, to be wrong
Strong #: 816 ‑ אָשֵׁם (aw‑sham', aw‑shame');  2973 ‑ יָאַל (yaw‑al');  7561 ‑ רָשַׁע (raw‑shah');  7683 ‑ שָׁגַג (shaw‑gag');  7686 ‑ שָׁגָה (shaw‑gaw');  7919 ‑ שָׂכַל (saw‑kal');  
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


ἀγνοι-, 3 sg. subj. ἀγνοιῇσι Od. 24.218: impf. ἠγνόουν Isoc. 7.21, etc.: fut. ἀγνοήσω B. Fr. 12, Isoc. 12.251, D. 32.10, 54.31: aor. ἠγνόησα A. Eu. 134, Th. 2.49, etc.; ἠγνοίησα Il. 2.807, Hes. Th. 551, contr. 3 sg. ἀγνώσασκε Od. 23.95: pf. ἠγνόηκα Pl. Sph. 221d, Alex. 20.4: Pass., fut. (of med. form) ἀγνοήσομαι D. 18.249; ἀγνοηθήσομαι v.l. in Luc. JTr. 5: aor. ἠγνοήθην, v. infr.: pf. ἠγνόημαι Isoc. 15.171, Pl. Lg. 797a.

(This Verb implies a form ἄγνοος, = cross ἀγνώς 11):

I not to perceive or recognize; Hom., almost always in aor., ἄνδρ' ἀγνοιήσασ' ὑλάει Od. 20.15, cf. Th. l.c., Pl. Phdr. 228a; mostly with neg., οὐκ ἠγνοίησεν he perceived or knew well, Il. 2.807, etc.; μηδὲν ἀγνόει E. Andr. 899. Mostly c. acc., to be ignorant of, Hdt. 4.156, S. Tr. 78; πάντα Pl. Smp. 216d; ἑαυτοὺς ἀ. forget their former selves, D. 10.74; τὴν πόλιν ἀ. not to discern the temper of the city, Id. 19.231; τὸν ξένον Philostr. VA 2.26; fail to understand, τὸ ῥῆμα Mark 9:32; περί τινος Pl. Phdr. 277d: c. gen. pers. and rel. clause, ἀγνοοῦντες ἀλλήλων ὅ τι λέγομεν Id. Grg. 517c: dependent clauses in part., τίς.. ἀ. τὸν ἐκεῖθεν πόλεμον δεῦρο ἥξοντα; D. 1.15: with Conj., οὐδεὶς ἀ. ὅτι.. Id. 21.156, etc.; ἀγνοῶν εἰ.. X. An. 6.5.12: Pass., not to be known, recognized, Pl. Euthphr. 4a, Hp.Ma. 294d, etc.; ἀγνοούμενα ὅπῃ.. ἀγαθά ἐστι Id. R. 506a; ἠγνοῆσθαι ξύμπασιν ὅτι.. Id. Lg. 797a; ὑπελάμβανον ἀγνοήσεσθαι D. 18.249; καιρὸν οὐ παρεθέντα οὐδ' ἀγνοηθέντα ib.303, cf. Isoc. 15.171; τὰ ἠγνοημένα unknown parts, Arr. An. 7.1.4.

II abs., go wrong, make a false step, first in Hp. Art. 46, Antipho 5.44 (dub.l.), lsoc.8.39; part. ἀγνοῶν ignorantly, by mistake, X. An. 7.3.38, Arist. EN 1110b27; ἀγνοήσαντες And. 4.5: in moral sense, to be ignorant of what is right, act amiss, Plb. 5.11.5, cf. Hebrews 5:2 : Med., fail to recognize, Gal. 14.630.

ἀγνοέω , - ,

[in LXX for H7686, H7683, H816, etc.;]

1. to be ignorant, not to know: absol., 1 Timothy 1:13, Hebrews 5:2; c. acc, Acts 13:27 Acts 17:22, Romans 10:3, 2 Corinthians 2:11; ἐν οἷς , 2 Peter 2:12; seq. ὅτι , Romans 2:4 Romans 6:3 Romans 7:1, 1 Corinthians 14:38; οὐ θέλω ὑμᾶς ἀγνοεῖν , a Pauline phrase: c. acc, Romans 11:25; seq. ὑπέρ , 2 Corinthians 1:8; περί , 1 Corinthians 12:1, 1 Thessalonians 4:13; ὅτι , Romans 1:13, 1 Corinthians 10:1 (for similar usage in Papyri, v. MM, VGT, s.v.). Pass.: 1 Corinthians 14:38, 2 Corinthians 6:9, Galatians 1:22.

2. not to understand: c. acc, Mark 9:32, Luke 9:45.†

Vocabulary of the Greek NT

A good parallel to the Pauline phrase 1 Thessalonians 4:13 οὐ θέλομεν δὲ ὑμᾶς ἀγνοεῖν occurs in P Tebt II. 314.3 (ii/A.D.) πιστεύω σε μὴ ἀγνοεῖν, which also illustrates the use with the negative in 2 Corinthians 2:11. The construction in P Tebt I. 43.25 (B.C. 118) ὑφ᾽ ἡμῶν ἔν τισιν ἠγνοηκότων may help the difficult 2 Peter 2:12 ἐν οἷς ἀγνοοῦσιν βλασφημοῦντες. The suggestion of wilful ignorance (see ἄγνοια) appears in P Oxy IX. 1188.5 (A.D. 13) στοχα (σάμενος) τ ̣οῦ μηδ (ὲν) ἀγνοη (θῆναι) μηδὲ πρὸς χά (ριν) οἰκονομηθ (ῆναι), ";making it your aim that nothing be concealed or done by favour"; (Edd.). For ἀγνοεῖν of a person, cf. P Giss I. 69.4 (A.D. 118–9) Χαιρήμονα τὸν ἀναδιδόντα τὸ ἐπιστό [λι ]ον τοῦτο οὐκ ἀγνοεῖς, ἄδελφε.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αγνοει αγνοεί ἀγνοεῖ αγνοειν αγνοείν ἀγνοεῖν αγνοειται ἀγνοεῖται αγνοειτε αγνοείτε ἀγνοεῖτε αγνοείτω αγνοησαντες αγνοήσαντες ἀγνοήσαντες αγνοήση αγνοουμεν αγνοούμεν ἀγνοοῦμεν αγνοουμενοι αγνοούμενοι ἀγνοούμενοι αγνοουμενος αγνοούμενος ἀγνοούμενος αγνοούν αγνοουντες αγνοούντες ἀγνοοῦντες αγνοουσι αγνοούσι ἀγνοοῦσι ἀγνοοῦσιν αγνοων αγνοών ἀγνοῶν ηγνόηκα ηγνόηκας ηγνοήσαμεν ηγνόησε ηγνόησεν ηγνοουν ηγνόουν ἠγνόουν agnoei agnoeî agnoein agnoeîn agnoeitai agnoeîtai agnoeite agnoeîte agnoesantes agnoēsantes agnoḗsantes agnoon agnoôn agnoōn agnoō̂n agnooumen agnooûmen agnooumenoi agnooúmenoi agnooumenos agnooúmenos agnoountes agnooûntes agnoousin agnooûsin egnooun egnóoun ēgnooun ēgnóoun
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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