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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

#539 - ἀπάτη

Transliteration
apátē
Phonetics
ap-at'-ay
Origin
from (G538)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:385,65
Definition
  1. deceit, deceitfulness
Frequency Lists  
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀπᾰτ-η, ἡ,

I

1. trick, fraud, deceit, νῦν δὲ κακὴν ἀπάτην βουλεύσατο Il. 2.114, cf. 4.168: in pl., wiles, οὐκ ἄρ' ἔμελλες.. λήξειν ἀπατάων, says Athena to Ulysses, Od. 13.294, cf. Il. 15.31; σκολιαὶ ἀπάται Pi. Fr. 213.

2. guile, treachery, ἄταν ἀπάτᾳ μεταγνούς A. Supp. 111, cf. S. OC 230; ἀπάτης δικαίας οὐκ ἀποστατεῖ θεός A. Fr. 301, cf. Pers. 93; ἀ. ἐρώτων S. Ant. 617; διαβολὴ καὶ ἀ. Antipho 6.7, etc.; ἀ. εὐπρεπής, opp. βία ἐμφανής, Th. 4.86; ἢ βίᾳ ἢ ἀπάτῃ 2.39; ἀ. λεχέων a being cheated out of the marriage, S. Ant. 630; ἄνευ δόλου καὶ ἀπάτης 'without fraud or covin', Hdt. 1.69; μετὰ σκότους καὶ ἀ. Pl. Lg. 864c.

3. Ἀπάτη, personified, Hes. Th. 224, Luc. Merc.Cond. 42.

II beguiling of time, pastime (not Att., Moer. 65), Plb. 4.20.5; ψυχῆς Dicaearch. 1.1; ψυχαγωγίαι καὶ ἀπάται τῆς πόλεως D.Chr. 32.5.

III as name of a plant, f.l. for cross ἀπάπη (q.v.).

ἀπάτη , -ης , ,

[in LXX: Ecclesiastes 9:6 א (no Heb. equiv.), Judith 9:3; Judith 9:10; Judith 9:13; Judith 16:8, 4 Maccabees 18:8 *;]

deceit, deceitfulness: Colossians 2:8; τοῦ πλούτου , Matthew 13:22, Mark 4:19 (MM, VGT, s.v.); τῆς ἀδικίας , 2 Thessalonians 2:10; τῆς ἁμαρτίας , Hebrews 3:13; αἱ ἐπιθυμίαι τῆς ἀ ., Ephesians 4:22. pl., ἀπά ται (v. M, Th., i.e.; NTD, 75; MM, l.c.): 2 Peter 2:13 (WH, mg., R., txt., ἐν ἀγάπαις ).†


Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For . = ";deceit"; (as 4 Maccabees 18:8, 2 Thessalonians 2:10, Hebrews 3:13) cf. P Oxy VII. 1020.7 f (A.D. 198–201) εἰ τὴν ἐκ τῆς ἡ [λικίας ] ἔχεις βοήθιαν, τὸν ἀγῶνα τῆς ἀπάτης ὁ ἡγούμ [ε ]νος τοῦ ἔθν ̣ο ̣υ ̣ς ἐκδι [κ ]ήσει, ";if you can claim the assistance due to immature age, the prefect of the province shall decide the suit for fraud"; (Ed.). So CPHerm 6.9 νῦν δὲ οἱ μὲν [μετ᾽ ἀπά ]της εἰσποιοῦ [ντ ]αι, if the supplement is right. Attention may be called to Deissmann’s note in his Hellenisierung des semitischen Monotheismus (Neue Jahrb. f. d. klass. Altertum, 1903), p. 165 n. : he recalls the fact that ἀπάτη in popular Hellenistic had the meaning ";pleasure,"; and finds this in Matthew 13:22 = Mark 4:19 (cf. Luke 8:14) and 2 Peter 2:13 : cf. Polyb.iii. 56.12 and Moeris’ definition (p. 65)—Ἀπάτη ἡ πλάνη παρ᾽ Ἀττικοῖς. . . ἡ τέρψις παρ᾽ Ἕλλησιν. Of this rare sense Rouffiac (p. 38 f.) cites a probable instance from Priene 113.64 (B.C. 84) κα [τατιθ ]εὶς δὲ μὴ μόνον τὰ πρὸς ἡδον [ήν, ἀλλὰ καὶ βουλόμενος ] ἐκ [τ ]ὸς ἀπάτην χορηγῆσαι [τοῖς θεαταῖς, αὐλητήν ?], where he renders, ";il ne fit pas seulement ce qui était agréable, mais voulant en outre offrir une réjouissance aux spectateurs (il fit venir [un joueur de flûte?])."; It may be added that in P Petr III. 11.21 Ἀπάτη appears as a proper name, where (as in other cases) we may safely assume the ";Hellenistic"; meaning. But the word must have really covered both, like our verb ";beguile";; and ἀπατάω would tend to keep the older sense to the front. If it is derived from a root akin to our find (see Boisacq s. v.), it meant ";invention, discovery"; at the start, and was then turned in malam partem, to be partially reformed in later vernacular.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απαταις απάταις ἀπάταις απατη απάτη ἀπάτη ἀπάτῃ απατης απάτης ἀπάτης apatais apátais apate apatē apáte apátē apátei apátēi apates apatēs apátes apátēs
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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